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人教新高一英语教材所有单元知识要点(上册)

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  进入高一,所学内容急剧增加,很多同学一时之间不知该从何处着手学习,其实高中学习需要抓住要点,对要点知识进行各个击破。下面是为大家整理的高一英语上册各单元要点综述,希望对新高一学生们的英语学习有所帮助。

  高一第一单元Good friends要点综述

  Unit 1 Good Friends

  I.Teaching aims and demands1.topic: 1>talk about friends and friendship 2>discuss problems occuring in a

  friendship and suggest solutions 3>write an

  e-mail to find an e-pal2.function: 1>likes and dislikes

  2>making apologies3.vocabulary:

  honest;brave;loyal;wise;hansome;smart;argue;classical;

  fond;match;mirror;fry;gun;hammer;saw;rope;movie;cast;

  deserted;hunt;share;sorrow;feeling;airplane;lie(n.);

  speech;adventure;notebook;error be

  fond of;hunt for;in order to;care about;such as;drop ab

  a line4.grammar: direct and indirect speech

  1>statements 2>questions

  II.Key points1.listening and speaking1>Learn to make

  apologies. make apologies [用法]道歉 [注意]因某事向某人道歉 make an

  apology(or apologies) to sb for sth [联想]apologize vi.

  道歉;认错,赔不是(+to/for) [举例]I owe you an apology for my

  rudeness last night. 昨天晚上我太粗暴,应该向你道歉。 He

  apologized to her for not going to her party.

  他因为没有出席她举行的宴会而向她表示歉意。2>What qualities should a good

  friend have? quality [用法]n.1. 质量[U] 2. 特性[C] 3. 品质

  [举例]Quality often matters more than quantity.

  质量往往比数量更重要。3>What are they arguing about? argue

  [用法]vi.1. 争论,辩论;争吵(+with/over/about) 2.

  提出理由(+for/against) vt.1. 辩论;议论 2. 主张,认为[+that]

  [举例]I m not going to argue with you tonight.

  我今晚不想与你争辩。 He argued against the plan.

  他据理反对这个计划。4>I don t enjoy singsing,nor do I like

  computers. nor [用法]conj. 1. (用在neither之后)也不 2.

  (用在not,no,never之后)也不 3. (用在句首,句子须倒装)也不 [举例]I have never

  spoken nor written to her. 我跟她从来没说过话,也没写过信。

  You do not like him, nor do I. 你不喜欢他,我也不喜欢。5>I

  hate hiking and I m not into classical music. be into

  [用法]【口】对...(极)有兴趣,热衷于,入迷 [举例]She s really into pop

  music. 她很迷流行音乐。 He is very deep into

  computers. 他对电脑兴趣很浓。6>I m fond of singing. be

  fond of [用法]喜欢...;爱好... [举例]Tom is fond of music.

  汤姆喜爱音乐。 She is very fond of ballet.

  她很喜欢芭蕾。7>I surf the Internet all the time. surf the

  Internet [用法]上网(冲浪) [联想]上网的其他说法:go on the

  Internet;8>Rock music is OK,and so is skiing. so is

  skiing [用法](so后用倒装结构)也如此,也一样 [举例]I was tired, and so

  were the others. 我累了,其他人也一样。 I like

  dancing; so does my sister. 我喜欢跳舞,我姐姐也喜欢。

  [注意](so置于句首,后面不倒装)确是如此,正是那样2.reading1>Imagine you are

  alone on an island.You have to survive without friends..

  alone [用法]a. 单独的,独自的 ad. 单独地 [举例]She watches TV when

  she is alone. 独自一人时,她便看电视。 For years Mary

  lived alone in New York. 玛丽孤身一人在纽约生活了好几年。

  [联想]lonely [用法]a.1. 孤独的,孤寂的 2. 偏僻的,人迹罕至的 survive

  [用法]vt. 在...之后仍然生存,从...中逃生 vi. 活下来,幸存; [举例]Only two

  passengers survived the air-crash.

  这次飞机失事只有两名乘客幸免于死。 Few survived after the flood.

  洪水后极少有人生还。2>Tom Hanks plays a man named Chuck

  Noland play [用法]扮演(角色) (此处意同act) [举例]I am to play

  Juliet. 我将演朱丽叶。3>Chuck is a businessman who is

  always so busy that he has little time for his friends.

  so...that... [用法]如此...以至于...,that在此引导结果状语从句(有时可能省略)

  [注意]1.这里的so后接形容词或副词或形容词加冠词加名次,另有固定搭配so

  few/many/much/little/等. 2.so加形容词或副词置于句首引起倒装4>He

  is a successful manager that sends mail all over the

  world. successful [用法]a. 成功的

  [联想]相关词形succeed/successfully/success that

  [用法]关系代词,引导定语从句,指代先行词(人或物),在从句中做主语或宾语或标语

  [注意]定语从句将在后面的单元正式学习,相关句型在近几个单元里会多次出现,请留意.

  5>Chuck is survive the crash and lands on a deserted

  island. crash [用法]vi.1. (发出猛烈声音地)碰撞,坠落 2. (飞机等)坠毁,撞坏

  3.【电脑】死机 n.[C] 相撞(事故);(飞机的)坠毁,迫降 [举例]The

  motorcycle crashed into the fence. 摩托车猛地撞在围栏上。

  An airliner crashed west of Denver last night.

  昨夜一架客机在丹佛西边坠毁。 desert [用法]n. 沙漠;荒野 a.1. 沙漠的

  2. 荒芜的;无人居住的 vt. 抛弃;遗弃;离弃 [举例]All his friends

  have deserted him! 他所有的朋友都抛弃了他! Nobody

  likes to live in that desert region.

  没有人喜欢生活在那个沙漠地区。6>He has to learn to collect water,hunt

  for food,and make fire. hunt [用法]vt.1. 追猎,猎取 2.搜索;寻找

  3. 追捕 vi.1. 打猎 2. 搜寻(+for/after) [举例]November is

  a good time to hunt deer. 十一月正是猎鹿的好时节。 I m

  hunting a job. 我在找工作。7>In order to survive ,Chuck

  develops a friendship with an unusual friend. in order

  to [用法]为了... [举例]We started early in order to arrive

  before dark. 为了在天黑前到达,我们很早就动身了 [联想]1.so as

  to...,和in order to...同义,但前者一般不用于句首 2.否定式在to前加not

  3.相应的目的状语从句由so that...或in order that...引导.8>He

  talks to him and treats him as a friend. treat

  [用法](此处)vt. 对待;看待,把...看作[O][(+as/like)] [举例]Do not

  treat this serious matter as a joke.

  不要把这件严肃的事情当作笑料。 She treated me all right.

  她对我还不错。9>Chucks learns that we need friends to share

  happiness and sorrow,and it is important to have someone

  to care about. share [用法]vt.1.

  均分;分配(+out/among/between) 2.

  分享;分担;共同使用(+with/among/between) vi.分享;分担[(+in)]

  [举例]He shared with his friends in distress.

  他和朋友共患难。 We shared in his joy. 我们分享了他的喜悦。

  care about [用法]关心;担心;在乎,介意 [联想]care for,除具有care

  about的意思外还可表示"对...感兴趣","喜欢"之意.

  [说明]对这两个短语,很多词典解释不一,界限比较模糊.10>When he makes friends with

  Wilson,he understands that friendship is about feelings.

  makes friends with [用法]和...交朋友 [联想]make enemies with

  与...为敌11>Most of our friends are human beings. human

  [用法]a.1. 人的;人类的 n. 人[pl.humans]; human being 人;人类

  [举例]This meat is not fit for human consumption.

  这种肉不适合人食用。 It s only human nature to want a

  comfortable life. 人的本性就是要过舒服的生活。 Wolves

  will not usually attack humans. 狼通常不会袭击人。12>The

  lesson we can learn from Chuck and all the others who

  have unusual friends is that friends are teachers.

  [讲解]本句包含三个从句: we can learn from Chuck为定语从句,修饰the

  lesson,关系代词that或which在从句中做宾语,可以省略. who have

  unusual friends为定语从句,修饰all the others,关系代词做主语不可省略.

  that friends are

  teachers,此为that引导的表语从句,其构成和大家比较熟悉的宾语从句基本相似.13>My friend

  is honest.He never tells lies. tell lies [用法]撒谎,为固定搭配

  [比较]tell/say/speak/talk,其用法各有侧重,也有各自的一些搭配,学习重要注意区分和积累.

  高一第一单元Good friends要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-2 点击次数: 131

  3.integrating skills1>I like to have fun.If you re

  interested in being friends,drop me a line. fun

  [用法]n.[U]1. 娱乐,乐趣 2. 玩笑,嬉戏 3. 有趣的人(或事物) [举例]What fun we

  had! 我们玩得多开心! His uncle is fond of fun.

  他的叔父喜欢开玩笑。 Mr. Smith is great fun.

  史密斯先生是一个很有趣的人。 drop me a line [用法]给某人写短信 [联想]drop

  in/by [举例]Would you drop by when you are in town?

  I d like to drop in and see you sometime next week.

  我想在下周什么时候顺便来看看你。2>An e-mail is less formal than a

  letter,but there are still a few things to keep in mind.

  keep...in mind [用法]记住 [举例]Keep in mind that you ll

  have to practice economy. 记住要厉行节约。 These

  are the very duties we should keep in mind.

  这些责任正是我们要记在心上的.

  4.workbook1>My telepone wasn t working. work [用法]vi.1.

  工作(+at/on) 2. (机器等)运转,活动 3. 起作用;行得通 [举例]She works in a

  restaurant. 她在一家饭店工作。 The machine won t

  work. 机器不转了。 Your suggestion works well.

  你的建议很有效。2>My bike had a flat tire but I had no time

  to fix it. flat [用法]a.1. 平的,平坦的 2.(轮胎)泄了气的 ad. 平直地,仰卧地

  [举例]Of course, no one now believes that the earth is

  flat. 当然如今无人相信地球是平的。 Our car had a flat

  tire. 我们那辆汽车有一只轮胎漏了气。 Lie down flat and

  breathe deeply. 平躺下,作深呼吸。 fix [用法]vt.1. 使固定;牢记

  2. 确定;决定[(+up)][+wh-][+to-v] 3. 修理;整理; [举例]Her image

  was fixed in his mind. 她的形象深深印在他的脑海里。 [搭配]fix

  one s eyes/attention upon...注意力集中在...3>When I arrived at

  school,I ran into my friend Jonna. ran into [用法]1. 撞到

  2. 偶遇 [举例]The bus got out of control and ran into a

  wall. 公共汽车失去控制,撞上了墙。 I ran into an old

  girlfriend yesterday. It brought back memories.

  昨天我无意中遇见旧时女友,唤起一些昔时的记忆。4>They told me they were proud of

  me. proud [用法]a.1. 骄傲的,有自尊心的 2. 傲慢的,自负的 3.

  自豪的,得意的(+of)/+to-v/+(that) [举例]He s too proud to speak

  to poor people like us.

  他太骄傲了,从不与我们这样的穷人说话。5>Sometimes we have to skip classes

  to keep an eye on the restaurant. skip [用法]此处为vt. skip

  classes意为逃课,逃学 keep an eye on [用法] 照看;注意

  [举例]Would you keep an eye on my baby for a while?

  请你照看一下我的婴儿好吗?6>When Sarah was in the third grade,some of

  the other students were making fun of her. make fun of

  [用法]取笑某人 [联想]laugh at...,基本同义7>She helped Sarah

  overcome her shyness. overcome [用法]vt.战胜;克服 [举例]The

  learner of a second language has many obstacles to

  overcome. 第二语言学习者有许多障碍要克服。8>Despite the fact that

  they have never met each other,Michel and Xiaoli are

  best friends. Despite [用法]prep.不管,尽管;意同in spite of

  [举例]He went to work despite his illness.

  尽管生病,他还是去工作。 Despite advanced years, she is

  learning to drive. 尽管年事已高,她还在学开车。 that they have

  never met each other

  [讲解]此为同位语从句,表示fact的内容.模样酷似定语从句,试着比较一下?9>Xiao Li is also

  curious about life in France. curious [用法]a.1.

  好奇的,渴望知道的;(+as to/about)/+to-v/+wh- 2.

  奇怪的;稀奇古怪的,难以理解的 [举例]The boy was curious about

  everything he saw. 那男孩对所见的一切都感到好奇。 I heard

  a curious noise last night. 昨晚我听见一个奇怪的响声。10>We go

  to different schools,but we always get together after

  school to talk and have fun. get together [用法]聚集;聚会

  [举例]When can we get together? 我们何时相聚?

  高一第二单元English around the world要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-4 点击次数: 228

  Unit 2 English around the world

  I.Teaching aims and demands

  1.Topics 1>.interview the headmaster and other teacher

  about the school rules and the ways to learn all the

  subjects 2>.make a world map of English-speaking

  countries 3>.collect words different in

  spelling,pronunciation,or meaning between British

  English and American English,to make a list

  2.Function: language difficulties in communication Can

  you spell that? Could you repeat that,please? What do

  you mean by...? Could you speak a bit slowly,please?

  Sorry,I didn t follow you. I beg your pardon? How do

  you say...in English? How do you pronounce...? What

  does...mean? Can you say that in a different way? www.snjdy.com

  3.Vocabulary

  bathroom;towel;closet;pronounce;broad;repeat;majority;native;total;tongue;

  equal;government;situation;international;organization;trade;tourism;global;

  communicate;communication;exchange;service;signal;movement;commander;tidy;

  stand;independent;fall;expression;typhoon;publish;southern;president;European;

  hhowl;cookbook;compare;replace

  make oneself at home;in total;except for;stay up;come

  about;end up with; bring in;a great many;at the same

  time

  4.Grammar direct and indirect speech:imperative(requests

  and demands)

  II.Key points1.listening and speaking1>Write a passage

  comparing American and British English. compare

  [用法]vt.1. 和...比较,对照(+with/to) 2. 比喻为,把...比作(+to)

  [举例]Compared with him, I am a bungler.

  与他相比,我只能算是一个笨拙的人。2>What is it that Joe can t find in the

  bathroom? [解析]本句为特殊疑问词开头的强调句型.强调句型的基本构成如下: It +

  is(was) + 被强调部分 + that(who) + 句子剩余部分. [举例]It was in the

  street that I found the purse. It is I who should

  be responsible for the incident. Why was it that

  you used to skip classes?3>Oh,there you are. there you

  are [用法]行了.好了.这是一句表示一种事情告一段落或有了最终结果的用语.

  还可以表示"瞧!""对吧(果然如此)!"等语气. [举例]There you are!Then let s

  have some coffee. 好了,那我们来点咖啡吧. There you

  are!I knew we should find iot at last.

  对吧!我就知道我们一定能找到的.4>You must be very tired.

  [用法]这是一种推测,表示"一准是","一定是" [注意]否定式为can t be5>We flew all

  the way direct from Seattle to London. all the way

  [用法]从远道;一路上 [举例]He was so happy that he sang all the

  way home.6>You don t need to ask,just make yourself at

  home. need [用法]n. 需要;要求(+of/for)/+to-v vt.

  需要,有...必要 v.aux. (多用于疑问句和否定句)需要,必须 [举例]We have

  no need to be afraid of them. 我们不必怕他们。 The

  garden needs watering. 花园该浇水了。(说明:该用法相当于need to

  be done)7>Is there anything that isn t clear to you?

  [解释]本句中包含定语从句的一种特别情况,即当先行词为不定代词时,关系代词最好使用that.8>Make up

  another dialogue for three students and act it out in

  class. Make up [用法]1. 补足 2. 编造 3. 组成 [举例]The whole

  story is made up. 整个故事完全是虚构出来的。 The

  medical team was made up of twelve doctors.

  医疗队由十二名医生组成。 act ... out [用法]1. 把...表演出来 2. 把...付诸行动

  [举例]We roared when Mary acted out the episode.

  当玛丽绘声绘色地描述那件事时,我们哄然大笑起来。 They are determined to

  act out their ideal. 她们决心把自己的理想变成行动。9>What do you

  mean by...?

  [解释]本句意为"你说(做)...什么意思?"这里的介词需要注意.2.reading1>There are

  more than 42 countries where the majority of the people

  speak English. majority [用法]n. 多数,过半数,大多数 [举例]The

  majority were on Ben s side. 大多数人都站在本的一边。

  The majority of boys like football and basketball.2>An

  equal number of people learn English as a second

  language. a number of [用法] 很多,后接复数名词,谓语动词亦为复数.

  [比较]The number of students absent is five.

  有五名学生缺席。3>The number of people who learn English as a

  foreign language is more than 750 million. the number

  of [用法]后接复数名词,谓语动词为单数4>In China students learn English

  at school as a foreign language,except for those in Hong

  Kong. except for [用法]1.除了...以外 2. 要不是由于 [举例]The

  composition is quite good except for the spelling.

  这篇文章除了拼写以外,其他都不错。 I would go to the party with

  you except for my broken leg.

  要不是因为我腿断了,我想与你一起去参加聚会。 [说明]关于except

  for和except的用法区别,本栏目有详细解答.搜索可得.5>English has developed

  into the language most widely spoken and used in the

  world. develop [用法]vt.1. 使成长;使发展 2. 开发 3. 逐渐产生;逐渐养成;

  5.使显影,冲洗(底片) vi.1. 生长;成长;形成 2. 进步;进化 3. 发展

  [举例]Swimming develops the muscles. 游泳能使肌肉发达。

  The builders are developing that part of the city.

  建筑商正在开发这座城市的那个地区。6>You can use English to communicate

  with people around the world through the Internet.

  communicate [用法]vt.1. 传达;传递;传播(+to) vi.1.

  交流思想(或感情,信息等);交际,交往(+with) 2. 通讯,通话(+with) [举例]Did she

  communicate my wishes to you? 她有没有把我的祝福转告你?

  We learn a language in order to communicate.

  我们学习语言是为了交流思想。 He had no way to communicate with

  his brother. 他没有办法与他兄弟联系。7>With so many people

  communicating in English every day,it will become more

  and more important to have a good knowledge of English.

  With so many people communicating

  [用法]此为with的复合结构,现在分词(宾补)和people之间有逻辑上的主谓关系.

  关于with复合结构,论坛有详解,欢迎前往查看. have a knowledge of

  [用法]对...有所了解 8>In which countries do we find most

  native speakers of English? native [用法]a.1. 天生的 2.

  出生地的,祖国的,家乡的 3. 本土的,本国的,土生的 4. (某地)特有的,原产的 n.1.

  本地人,本国人 2. (某地)原有的动(植)物 [举例]They are native speakers of

  English. 他们的母语是英语。 He has been away from

  his native Poland for three years.

  他离开故土波兰已有三年了。9>The young father told his children to

  stand still. stand still

  [用法]站在那儿一动不动,stand意为处于某种状态,也有人认为这是一种双重谓语结构.10>Mother

  told me to not to leave the door open after midnight.

  leave...open [用法]leave意为听任,使处于某种状态 [举例]He left the

  windows open. 他让窗子开着。 He will never leave

  a job unfinished. 他干什么事从来没有不干完的.11>turn down the

  radio. turn down [用法]关小(音量等);拒绝 [举例]You d better turn

  down the radio,for the baby is sleeping. His

  proposal was turned down. 他的提议被拒绝了。12>Don t stay

  up too late. stay up [用法]熬夜,不去睡觉 [举例]She stayed up

  reading until midnight. 她看书看到半夜才睡。

  高一第二单元English around the world要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-4 点击次数: 229 www.snjdy.com

  3.integrating skills1>How did the difference come about?

  come about [用法]发生 [举例]How did this come about?

  这事是怎么发生的?2>There is no quick answer to the question.

  [注意]问题的答案,介词常用to3>In 1776 America became an independent

  country. independent [用法]a.1. 独立的,自治的,自主的(+of) 2.

  有独立心的;自立的(+of) [举例]Many colonies in Africa became

  independent nations in the 1950 s.

  非洲许多殖民地在二十世纪五十年代成了独立国家。 My elder sisters and

  brothers have moved away from home and are now

  independent. 我的哥哥姐姐已从家里搬了出去,现在都自立了。4>For a long

  time the language in America stayed the same. stay the

  same [用法]stay意为"继续,保持",连系动词 [举例]I hope the weather

  will stay fine. 我希望天气能持续放晴。5>British and American

  English started borrowing words from other

  language,ending up with fifferent words. end up with

  [用法]以...为结局;结果会... [举例]It is not right to laugh at the

  disabled.Maybe some day you will end up with

  disabilities. 嘲笑残疾人是不对的.也许有一天你也会成为有残疾的人.6>Except

  for these difference in spelling,written English is more

  or less the same. more or less [用法]或多或少,有点儿;大约

  [举例]His explanation was more or less helpful.

  他的解释多少有些帮助。7>However,most of the time people from the

  tow countries don t have difficulty in understaning each

  other. have difficulty in understaning

  [用法]做什么有困难,difficulty可用trouble替代,这里均用作不可数名词 [举例]I had

  no difficulty in getting in touch with him.

  我和他取得联系没有什么困难。8>American English has changed over the

  centuries. over [用法]在...期间 [举例]My grandchildren will

  stay over Christmas. 我的孙儿孙女们圣诞节期间将呆在这儿。9>They

  started to use English,but they also brought in some

  words from their own language. bring in

  [用法]产生(利润、进息、收入);进口;引进 [举例]In America,pop singers may

  bring in millions of dollars each year.

  在美国,流行歌手每年可以有数百万的收入. When we bring in new

  technology,we also bring in new ideas.

  我们在引进新技术的同时,同样引入了新的观念.4>workbook1>Hi,long time no see.

  [用法]好久不见了.口语用法.2>It s been nice talking to you.Bye.

  [用法]also It s nice talking to you or It s nice to talk

  to you [注意]前者多见于分手时使用.后者见面也可以使用.3>She tole him to shut

  up. shut up [用法]】(使)住口 [举例]Will you children shut

  up?! I can t concentrate on my work.

  孩子们可以请你们闭嘴吗?我没法子专心工作。 Can t you shut your friend

  up? 你不能叫你朋友闭嘴吗?4>He told me to move my chair a

  little bit closer to his bed. a little bit [用法]有点;有几分

  [举例]You d better speak a little bit slowlier so that you

  can make yourself understood.

  你最好说慢点,这样别人可以听懂你的意思. 你的建议很有效。5>He has married a

  Chinese girl. marry [用法]vt. 娶;嫁,和...结婚 vi. 结婚 [举例]He

  is going to marry Jane. 他将与简结婚。

  [注意]和某人结婚多长时间了,即表示状态要用be married (to)6>I wish we could

  see each other more often,but that s too difficult.

  wish [用法]wish后面的从句应使用虚拟语气,其构成取决于时间 [举例]I wish (that) I

  had never met her. 我要是没遇见过她就好了。(对过去而言)7>Not only

  did Xiaohua learn a lot of English from her Canadian

  teacher,she also became very interested in Canadian.

  not only...but also... [用法]not only...but

  also...在连接句子时,not only后面的句子要使用倒装结构. 另外,but

  also有时仅用but或also或but...too或but...also或but...as well8>I

  try to read as many books as I can find about Canadian.

  as many as [用法]和...一样多(复数相关) [举例]You may take as many

  as you want. 你要多少就可拿多少。9>Write a letter in the

  name of Wang Ning to Mr Smith,who works for the

  newspaper 21st Century. in the name of [用法] 以...的名义

  [举例]Stop doing that, in the name of God!

  看在上帝的分上,别干了!

  高一第二单元English around the world要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-4 点击次数: 229

  Unit 2 English around the world

  I.Teaching aims and demands

  1.Topics 1>.interview the headmaster and other teacher

  about the school rules and the ways to learn all the

  subjects 2>.make a world map of English-speaking

  countries 3>.collect words different in

  spelling,pronunciation,or meaning between British

  English and American English,to make a list

  2.Function: language difficulties in communication Can

  you spell that? Could you repeat that,please? What do

  you mean by...? Could you speak a bit slowly,please?

  Sorry,I didn t follow you. I beg your pardon? How do

  you say...in English? How do you pronounce...? What

  does...mean? Can you say that in a different way?

  3.Vocabulary

  bathroom;towel;closet;pronounce;broad;repeat;majority;native;total;tongue;

  equal;government;situation;international;organization;trade;tourism;global;

  communicate;communication;exchange;service;signal;movement;commander;tidy;

  stand;independent;fall;expression;typhoon;publish;southern;president;European;

  hhowl;cookbook;compare;replace

  make oneself at home;in total;except for;stay up;come

  about;end up with; bring in;a great many;at the same

  time

  4.Grammar direct and indirect speech:imperative(requests

  and demands)

  II.Key points1.listening and speaking1>Write a passage

  comparing American and British English. compare

  [用法]vt.1. 和...比较,对照(+with/to) 2. 比喻为,把...比作(+to)

  [举例]Compared with him, I am a bungler.

  与他相比,我只能算是一个笨拙的人。2>What is it that Joe can t find in the

  bathroom? [解析]本句为特殊疑问词开头的强调句型.强调句型的基本构成如下: It +

  is(was) + 被强调部分 + that(who) + 句子剩余部分. [举例]It was in the

  street that I found the purse. It is I who should

  be responsible for the incident. Why was it that

  you used to skip classes?3>Oh,there you are. there you

  are [用法]行了.好了.这是一句表示一种事情告一段落或有了最终结果的用语.

  还可以表示"瞧!""对吧(果然如此)!"等语气. [举例]There you are!Then let s

  have some coffee. 好了,那我们来点咖啡吧. There you

  are!I knew we should find iot at last.

  对吧!我就知道我们一定能找到的.4>You must be very tired.

  [用法]这是一种推测,表示"一准是","一定是" [注意]否定式为can t be5>We flew all

  the way direct from Seattle to London. all the way

  [用法]从远道;一路上 [举例]He was so happy that he sang all the

  way home.6>You don t need to ask,just make yourself at

  home. need [用法]n. 需要;要求(+of/for)/+to-v vt.

  需要,有...必要 v.aux. (多用于疑问句和否定句)需要,必须 [举例]We have

  no need to be afraid of them. 我们不必怕他们。 The

  garden needs watering. 花园该浇水了。(说明:该用法相当于need to

  be done)7>Is there anything that isn t clear to you?

  [解释]本句中包含定语从句的一种特别情况,即当先行词为不定代词时,关系代词最好使用that.8>Make up

  another dialogue for three students and act it out in

  class. Make up [用法]1. 补足 2. 编造 3. 组成 [举例]The whole

  story is made up. 整个故事完全是虚构出来的。 The

  medical team was made up of twelve doctors.

  医疗队由十二名医生组成。 act ... out [用法]1. 把...表演出来 2. 把...付诸行动

  [举例]We roared when Mary acted out the episode.

  当玛丽绘声绘色地描述那件事时,我们哄然大笑起来。 They are determined to

  act out their ideal. 她们决心把自己的理想变成行动。9>What do you

  mean by...? www.snjdy.com

  [解释]本句意为"你说(做)...什么意思?"这里的介词需要注意.2.reading1>There are

  more than 42 countries where the majority of the people

  speak English. majority [用法]n. 多数,过半数,大多数 [举例]The

  majority were on Ben s side. 大多数人都站在本的一边。

  The majority of boys like football and basketball.2>An

  equal number of people learn English as a second

  language. a number of [用法] 很多,后接复数名词,谓语动词亦为复数.

  [比较]The number of students absent is five.

  有五名学生缺席。3>The number of people who learn English as a

  foreign language is more than 750 million. the number

  of [用法]后接复数名词,谓语动词为单数4>In China students learn English

  at school as a foreign language,except for those in Hong

  Kong. except for [用法]1.除了...以外 2. 要不是由于 [举例]The

  composition is quite good except for the spelling.

  这篇文章除了拼写以外,其他都不错。 I would go to the party with

  you except for my broken leg.

  要不是因为我腿断了,我想与你一起去参加聚会。 [说明]关于except

  for和except的用法区别,本栏目有详细解答.搜索可得.5>English has developed

  into the language most widely spoken and used in the

  world. develop [用法]vt.1. 使成长;使发展 2. 开发 3. 逐渐产生;逐渐养成;

  5.使显影,冲洗(底片) vi.1. 生长;成长;形成 2. 进步;进化 3. 发展

  [举例]Swimming develops the muscles. 游泳能使肌肉发达。

  The builders are developing that part of the city.

  建筑商正在开发这座城市的那个地区。6>You can use English to communicate

  with people around the world through the Internet.

  communicate [用法]vt.1. 传达;传递;传播(+to) vi.1.

  交流思想(或感情,信息等);交际,交往(+with) 2. 通讯,通话(+with) [举例]Did she

  communicate my wishes to you? 她有没有把我的祝福转告你?

  We learn a language in order to communicate.

  我们学习语言是为了交流思想。 He had no way to communicate with

  his brother. 他没有办法与他兄弟联系。7>With so many people

  communicating in English every day,it will become more

  and more important to have a good knowledge of English.

  With so many people communicating

  [用法]此为with的复合结构,现在分词(宾补)和people之间有逻辑上的主谓关系.

  关于with复合结构,论坛有详解,欢迎前往查看. have a knowledge of

  [用法]对...有所了解 8>In which countries do we find most

  native speakers of English? native [用法]a.1. 天生的 2.

  出生地的,祖国的,家乡的 3. 本土的,本国的,土生的 4. (某地)特有的,原产的 n.1.

  本地人,本国人 2. (某地)原有的动(植)物 [举例]They are native speakers of

  English. 他们的母语是英语。 He has been away from

  his native Poland for three years.

  他离开故土波兰已有三年了。9>The young father told his children to

  stand still. stand still

  [用法]站在那儿一动不动,stand意为处于某种状态,也有人认为这是一种双重谓语结构.10>Mother

  told me to not to leave the door open after midnight.

  leave...open [用法]leave意为听任,使处于某种状态 [举例]He left the

  windows open. 他让窗子开着。 He will never leave

  a job unfinished. 他干什么事从来没有不干完的.11>turn down the

  radio. turn down [用法]关小(音量等);拒绝 [举例]You d better turn

  down the radio,for the baby is sleeping. His

  proposal was turned down. 他的提议被拒绝了。12>Don t stay

  up too late. stay up [用法]熬夜,不去睡觉 [举例]She stayed up

  reading until midnight. 她看书看到半夜才睡。

  高一第二单元English around the world要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-4 点击次数: 230

  3.integrating skills1>How did the difference come about?

  come about [用法]发生 [举例]How did this come about?

  这事是怎么发生的?2>There is no quick answer to the question.

  [注意]问题的答案,介词常用to3>In 1776 America became an independent

  country. independent [用法]a.1. 独立的,自治的,自主的(+of) 2.

  有独立心的;自立的(+of) [举例]Many colonies in Africa became

  independent nations in the 1950 s.

  非洲许多殖民地在二十世纪五十年代成了独立国家。 My elder sisters and

  brothers have moved away from home and are now

  independent. 我的哥哥姐姐已从家里搬了出去,现在都自立了。4>For a long

  time the language in America stayed the same. stay the

  same [用法]stay意为"继续,保持",连系动词 [举例]I hope the weather

  will stay fine. 我希望天气能持续放晴。5>British and American

  English started borrowing words from other

  language,ending up with fifferent words. end up with

  [用法]以...为结局;结果会... [举例]It is not right to laugh at the

  disabled.Maybe some day you will end up with

  disabilities. 嘲笑残疾人是不对的.也许有一天你也会成为有残疾的人.6>Except

  for these difference in spelling,written English is more

  or less the same. more or less [用法]或多或少,有点儿;大约

  [举例]His explanation was more or less helpful.

  他的解释多少有些帮助。7>However,most of the time people from the

  tow countries don t have difficulty in understaning each

  other. have difficulty in understaning

  [用法]做什么有困难,difficulty可用trouble替代,这里均用作不可数名词 [举例]I had

  no difficulty in getting in touch with him.

  我和他取得联系没有什么困难。8>American English has changed over the

  centuries. over [用法]在...期间 [举例]My grandchildren will

  stay over Christmas. 我的孙儿孙女们圣诞节期间将呆在这儿。9>They

  started to use English,but they also brought in some

  words from their own language. bring in

  [用法]产生(利润、进息、收入);进口;引进 [举例]In America,pop singers may

  bring in millions of dollars each year.

  在美国,流行歌手每年可以有数百万的收入. When we bring in new

  technology,we also bring in new ideas.

  我们在引进新技术的同时,同样引入了新的观念.4>workbook1>Hi,long time no see.

  [用法]好久不见了.口语用法.2>It s been nice talking to you.Bye.

  [用法]also It s nice talking to you or It s nice to talk

  to you [注意]前者多见于分手时使用.后者见面也可以使用.3>She tole him to shut

  up. shut up [用法]】(使)住口 [举例]Will you children shut

  up?! I can t concentrate on my work.

  孩子们可以请你们闭嘴吗?我没法子专心工作。 Can t you shut your friend

  up? 你不能叫你朋友闭嘴吗?4>He told me to move my chair a

  little bit closer to his bed. a little bit [用法]有点;有几分

  [举例]You d better speak a little bit slowlier so that you

  can make yourself understood.

  你最好说慢点,这样别人可以听懂你的意思. 你的建议很有效。5>He has married a

  Chinese girl. marry [用法]vt. 娶;嫁,和...结婚 vi. 结婚 [举例]He

  is going to marry Jane. 他将与简结婚。

  [注意]和某人结婚多长时间了,即表示状态要用be married (to)6>I wish we could

  see each other more often,but that s too difficult.

  wish [用法]wish后面的从句应使用虚拟语气,其构成取决于时间 [举例]I wish (that) I

  had never met her. 我要是没遇见过她就好了。(对过去而言)7>Not only

  did Xiaohua learn a lot of English from her Canadian

  teacher,she also became very interested in Canadian.

  not only...but also... [用法]not only...but

  also...在连接句子时,not only后面的句子要使用倒装结构. 另外,but

  also有时仅用but或also或but...too或but...also或but...as well8>I

  try to read as many books as I can find about Canadian.

  as many as [用法]和...一样多(复数相关) [举例]You may take as many

  as you want. 你要多少就可拿多少。9>Write a letter in the

  name of Wang Ning to Mr Smith,who works for the

  newspaper 21st Century. in the name of [用法] 以...的名义

  [举例]Stop doing that, in the name of God!

  看在上帝的分上,别干了!

  高一第三单元Going places要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-4 点击次数: 140

  Unit 3 Going PlacesI.Teaching aims and demands

  1.Topics 1>.make a plan for a trip 2>.tips on a trip

  3>.design an eco-travel for local tourism 4>.travel on

  holiday and write postcards or travel notes2.Function:

  1>intensions and plans Where would you prefer

  going...? Where are you going off to...? How would

  you like to go to...? How are you going to...?

  2>wishes Have a good/nice/pleasant trip!3.Vocabulary

  consider;means;transportation;board;experience;simply;vacation;nature;basic;

  equipment;simple;tip;poisonous;paddle;stream;normal;excitement;adventurous;

  handle;similarity;particular;poison;separate;combine;task

  get away from;watch out;protect ab/sth from;see sb

  off;on the other hand; as well as4.Grammar:present

  continuous tense 1>describe actions happening now

  2>describe actions in the near future

  II.Key points1.listening and speaking1>What do you have

  to consider before you decide which means of

  transportation you will use? means [用法]n. www.snjdy.com

  手段,方法;工具(单复数相同) [举例]It is all a means to an end.

  这只是达到目的的一种手段。 Every possible means has been

  tried,but none proved successful.

  所有可能的方法都已经试过了,没有成功的.2>Listen to the following boarding

  calls and write down the correct flight number and

  destination. board [用法]n.1. 木板;板 2. 牌子;布告牌;黑板;(棋)盘 3.

  膳食;伙食[U] vt.上(船、车、飞机等) vi. 搭伙,包饭;膳宿

  [举例]We will provide room and board for them.

  我们将提供他们的食宿。 The passengers boarded the plane at 9

  a.m. 旅客们上午九时登上飞机。 destination [用法]目的地,终点;目标,目的

  [举例]We reached our destination, tired and hungry.

  到达目的地时,我们又累又饿。 The destination of her study is

  medicine. 她打算学医。

  2.reading1>People travel to meet friends,to experience

  life or simply to get away from cold weather.

  experience [用法]n.1. 经验,体验[U] 2. 经历,阅历[C] vt.1.

  经历;体验 [举例]She had no experience of life at all.

  她毫无生活经验。 get away from [用法]侥幸逃脱;逃离 [举例]Do you think

  you can get away with it? 你认为你能逃避责罚吗? How

  did she get away with cheating?

  她是怎么作弊成功的?2>Instead of spending your vacation on a bus

  or in a hotel,you may try hiking. Instead [用法]ad.1.

  作为替代 2. 反而,却 [举例]He is too busy, let me go instead.

  他太忙了,让我去吧。 try hiking [用法]尝试,试行[+v-ing] [举例]Let

  s try knocking at the back door. 咱们敲后边的门试试。2>You

  will get close to nature and take exercise at the same

  time. close [用法]a.1. 近的,接近的(+to) 2. (关系)密切的,亲密的 3.

  (尤指比赛)势均力敌的 ad.1. 接近,靠近地(+to) 2. 紧密地,紧紧地 [举例]His

  house is close to the factory. 他家靠近该厂。 She

  is a close friend of theirs. 她是他们的挚友。3>The basic

  equipment for hiking is simple. equipment [用法]n.[U]1.

  配备,装备 2. 设备;器械;用具 [举例]The complete equipment of the new

  hospital will take a year. 把这个新医院的设备配齐要化一年时间。

  The store sells tents and other camping equipment.

  这家商店出售帐篷和其他野营用具。4>Here are some tips for successful

  hiking....Watch out for dangers...Wear a hat to protect

  yourself from the sun. Watch out [用法]当心;密切注意(+for)

  [举例]Watch out -- There s a car coming. 小心!有车来了。

  protect [用法]vt.1. 保护,防护(+against/from) [举例]May God

  protect you from harm. 愿上帝保佑你免受伤害。 Wearing

  dark glasses can protect your eyes from the sun.

  戴墨镜可以保护眼睛不受阳光刺激。5>Another exciting adventure is rafting.

  exciting [用法]令人兴奋的;令人激动的 [举例]We went to an exciting

  football game last week. 我们上周看了场激动人心的足球比赛。

  That is an exciting book. 那是本有趣的书。 [联想]excite

  vt./excited a./excitedly adv./excitement n. adventure

  [用法]n.1. 冒险[U] 2. 冒险活动(或经历)[C] vt.1. 冒险去做;使冒险 vi.

  冒险(+to-v) [举例]He is a man full of adventure.

  他是一个充满冒险精神的人。6>As with hiking,you should always think

  about your safety. as with [用法]正如...一样7>You need to

  learn how to handle the raft. handle [用法]vt.1.

  触,摸;拿;弄;搬动 2. 操作;操纵;指挥;管理 3. 对待,处理 4. 经营,经销 [举例]Do not

  handle the exhibits. 请勿触摸展品。 He knows how

  to handle the machine. 他会操作这台机器。8>How are you

  getting to the airport?Is anybody seeing you off?

  [解释]本单元语法重点是进行时表示将来,还有不少类似例句,请大家注意体会.

  高一第三单元Going places要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-4 点击次数: 141

  3.integrating skills1>Eco-travel is a form of travel

  that combines normal tourism with learning. eco-

  [用法]表示"生态(的)","环境(的)" combine [用法]vt. 使结合;使联合(+with)

  vi. [举例]Some films combine education with recreation.

  有些电影把教育与娱乐结合起来。 We are going to combine the

  three departments soon. 我们很快就要合并这三个部门了。

  The two old schools are to combine to form one big new

  school. 这两所旧学校将合并组成一所新的大学校。2>Normal travel is

  often bad for the environment.Eco-travel,on the other

  hand,is a way to travel responsibily. be bad for

  [注意]对...有害 [举例]Reading in a dim light is bad for the

  eyes. 在暗淡的光线下看书有损视力。 on the other hand [用法]另一方面

  responsibily [用法]ad. 负责地;有责任感地 [联想]responsible a.1.

  负责任的,承担责任的(+for/to) 2. 认真负责的;可信赖的 [举例]Politicians are

  responsible to the voters. 政治家应对选民负责。 We

  should learn to be responsible for the society.

  我们应该学会对社会负责。3>Eco-tourists want to learn about the world

  so that they can make it better. so that

  [用法]1.为了(表示原因,多带有情态动词);2.结果是(表示结果)4>Eco-travel is a way

  to help animals and plants as well as people. as well

  as [用法]1. 不但...而且(强调重点为as well as前的内容) 2. 和...一样;和;也

  [注意]这种结构在主语位置时,动词的数取决于前面的词.5>By staying at

  hotels,tourists can help the villagers make money. by

  doing [用法]通过做什么 [举例]He used to make a living by

  selling newspapers. 他以前靠卖报纸为生.

  4>workbook1>Try to get the other student to agree with

  you. get..to do [用法]让...做,四个"使"动词中唯一用to do做补语的,很值得关注.

  [举例]I got him to stay for the night. 我说服他留下过夜。

  the other student [用法]the other+单数名词,表示两个当中的另外一个

  [比较]the other students 所有其余的同学;another student

  另一个同学(总数在三个以上);other students 其余同学(泛指) agree with

  [用法]1. 同意某人(观点,说的话等) 2. 适合;相宜 3. 和...一致(相符) [比较]agree

  to 同意计划,建议等;agree on(about) 在...问题上意见一致 [举例]I don t

  agree with Phil on many things. 我和菲尔在许多事情上意见不一致。

  This bill does not agree with your original

  estimate. 这张帐单与你当初的估计不符。2>You can also exchange

  role cards with another pair. exchange [用法]vt.

  交换;调换;兑换(+for/with) vi. 交换;兑换;调换职务(或位置) n.

  交换;交流;交易 [举例]I d like to exchange some pounds for

  dollars. 我想把一些英镑兑换成美金。3>I want to get up

  early,but my alarm clock didn t go off. go off [用法]1.

  响起 2. 变质 3. 入睡 4. 进行 [举例]The alarm went off.

  警铃骤然响起。 This milk has gone off.

  牛奶变坏了。4>Swimming with dolphins changed the way I think

  about myself. I think about myself

  [用法]此为定语从句.当way为先行词并在从句中做状语时,关系词可以用in which或that或省略

  [举例]I did not like the way he talked to me.

  我不喜欢他跟我讲话的方式。5>If a dolphin comes near you, don t reach

  out and try to touch it. reach out [用法]伸出 [举例]The

  monkey reached out a hand through the bars and took the

  banana. 猴子从栏杆里伸出手拿走了香蕉。6>Pay attention to how

  dolphins use body language to communicate. pay

  attention to [用法]关心;注意 [举例]You should pay attention to

  your spelling. 你要注意拼写。 [注意]该句的被动态.7>Add any

  other ideas that you may come up with. come up with

  [用法]1. 赶上 2. (针对问题等)想出;提供 [举例]We came up with a group

  of tourists. 我们赶上了一群旅游者。9>Present your ideas to

  the class. present [用法]vt.1. 赠送,呈献(+to/with) 2.

  引起(问题),造成(困难)(+to/with) 3. 提出,提交,呈递(+to) [举例]They

  presented him with a bunch of flowers. 他们献给他一束鲜花。

  All this presented new safety problems.

  所有这些都造成了新的安全问题。 Some 300 papers were presented at

  the conference. 会上提出了大约三百篇论文。

  高一第四单元Unforgettable experiences要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 112 www.snjdy.com

  Unit 4 Unforgettable Experiences I.Teaching aims and

  demands

  1.Topics 1>.Talk about unforgettable experiences

  2>.Describe people,things and events 3>.Talk about

  natural disasters2.Function: 1>describing emotions

  Help! Don t worry. Well done.

  Come on! I m afraid to... Don t be afraid. You can

  do it. That s better./Keep trying. I m afraid.

  It scares me. It s all right. I ll be OK/all

  right. 2>describing sequences

  First...;next....;then....;finally.3.Vocabulary

  unforgettable;king;host;scare;disaster;finally;rescue;advance;upon;seize;

  swallow;drag;struggle;fight;flow;fright;shake;strike;destroy;tower;national;

  deadling;fear;opportunity;article;agent;temple;touch;naughty;peanut;note

  take place;on fire;pull sb up;get on one s feet;go

  through;on holiday;travel agency4.Grammar:the

  Attributive Clause(1)

  1>能够用英语描述人物的特征,行为等---由who/whom/that/whose引导

  2>能够用英语描述事物,事件的性质,内容等---由which/that引导

  II.Key points1.listening and speaking1>Describe

  people,things,events and people s feelings. event

  [用法]n.1. 事件,大事[C] 2. (比赛)项目[C] [举例]Winning the

  scholarship was a great event in the boy s life.

  赢得这项奖学金是这个男孩一生中的一件大事。 Which events have you

  entered for? 你参加了哪些比赛项目?2>get the chance to host

  the 2008 Olympic Games host

  [解析]n.[C]主人,东道主;旅馆老板;(广播,电视的)节目主持人 vt.1.

  作...主人(或东道主),主办,主持 2. 以主人身份招待 [举例]Yesterday we were

  hosts to a few friends. 昨天我们接待了几位朋友。 We

  attended a dinner party hosted by the president of the

  company. 我们出席了公司总裁举办的宴会。.3>A strong earthquake

  took place.Hank was caught in the earthquake. take

  place [用法] 发生;举行 [举例]When will the basketball game

  take place? 篮球赛何时举行? be caught in

  [用法]被困住;被卡住;遭遇 [举例]淋雨 be caught in the rain4>Look at

  the pictures and create a dialogue. create [用法]vt.1.

  创造;创作;设计 2. 引起,产生 [举例]An artist should create beautiful

  things. 一个艺术家应该创造美丽的东西。2.reading1>Flora heard

  somebody shouting.She saw Jeff running.

  [解释]这两句中都含有现在分词做宾语补语,和宾语之间有逻辑上的主谓关系.而且,谓语动词皆为感官动词.

  现在分词的出现将越来越多,是高中重点和难点之一,应注意积累和体会.2>Before she could

  move,she heard a noise,which grew to a terrible roar.

  before [用法]在...之前;还没来得及数.

  [解释]前面有逗号隔开的定语从句为非限制性从句,which可以指某个词或前面整个句子,并起补充说明作用.

  that不能做非限制性定语从句关系词.尚有其他情况,请留意观察.3>Before she could

  think twice,the water was upon her. think twice

  [用法]重新考虑;三思 [举例]You need to think twice of the matter.

  这事你要三思。4>The next moment the first wave swept her

  down,swallowing the garden. sweep

  [用法](风等)刮起;(浪等)冲走;席卷(+off/along/away/down) [举例]The wind

  swept the leaves away. 风把树叶刮走。5>Jeff pulled her

  up.He was standing,holding onto a tree. pull up [用法]1.

  向上拉;拔 2. (使)停下来 [举例]Don t try to pull up the plant!

  别拔那棵植物! The driver pulled up at the gate.

  司机在大门前停下车子。6>She struggled,but could not get on her

  feet. struggle [用法]vi.1.

  奋斗;斗争(+for/against/with)(+to-v) 2. 努力;使劲;挣扎(+for)(+to-v)

  3. 竞争;对抗 [举例]They struggled for peace. 他们为和平而战。

  The old man has been struggling with illness.

  这位老人一直在与病魔斗争。 get on one s feet [用法]

  起立发言;站起来;病后身体复原7>Jeff and Flora looked into each other s

  face with a look of fright. look into [用法]朝...里面看;

  在...里查资料;调查8>Another wave struck the house,and a strange

  cracking noise began. strike [用法]vt. 打, 撞击, 冲击, 罢工,

  打动, 划燃, 敲钟点, 侵袭 vi. 打, 打击, 罢工, 抓, 敲, 搏动, 打动, 穿透

  crack [用法]vt.1. 使爆裂,使破裂 2. 砸开,砰地一声打开;强行进入

  vi.1. 发出爆裂声 2. 裂开,爆裂;断裂 n.[C]1. 裂缝,裂痕 2.

  爆裂声9>Trees were cut down by the water,which must have

  been three metres deep. must have been

  [用法]must加完成式表示对过去发生事情的比较肯定的推测.否定式为can t have done10>Can

  you work out what the underlined words refer to? refer

  to [用法]提到;查阅;涉及 [举例]Don t refer to this matter again,

  please. 请别再提这件事。

  此文章共有2页 第 1 2 页

  高一第四单元Unforgettable experiences要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 113

  3.integrating skills1>During the first week of May I

  went on a holiday to Sichuan. go on [用法]举行;为...而去

  [举例]go on strike 举行罢工;go on a picnic 去野餐; go on a trip

  去旅行2>Try to put your sentence in the order in which you

  want to tell your story. in which you want to tell your

  story

  [解释]本定语从句是由介词加关系词构成的.有时候,关系词不能在从句中做主语或宾语,又不能直接做状语,那么可以加上适当的介词,

  使结构成立,介词的来源可能是和从句动词的某种搭配,也可能是和先行词构成的某种搭配.介词后的关系词一般为which或whom.

  4>workbook1>Many people were killed in their cars,but a

  few lucky ones were not hurt. one

  [用法]代替上文中的单数名词(带不定冠词) [举例]I need a pen. Can you lend me

  one? 我需要笔。你能借我一支吗? [比较]the one

  代替上文中的单数名词(带定冠词)2>As a result of the movement of these

  plates,west America has always been a bad place for

  earthquakes. as a result of [用法]由于 [举例]He was late as

  a result of the snow. 由于大雪他迟到了。3>The population

  in and around San Francisco is ten times larger than it

  was in 1906. population [用法]人口 [举例]The population of

  this country rose by 10 percent. 这个国家的人口增长了百分之十.

  Eight percent of the population of the country are

  farmers.4>How many people were injured? injure [用法]vt.

  伤害;损害;毁坏 [举例]I hope I didn t injure her feelings.

  我希望我没有伤害她的感情。 His back was injured.

  他背部受伤了。 [联想]injury n.1. (对人,动物的)伤害;(对健康的)损害 2.

  (精神上的)伤害;损人的事 [举例]He escaped from the train wreck

  without injury. 他在这次火车事故中没有受伤。 Most people

  protect themselves from injury to their self-esteem.

  大多数人保护自己使自尊心不受伤害。

  高一第五单元The silver screen要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 120

  Unit 5 The Silver ScreenI.Teaching aims and

  demands1.Topics 1>.Talk about films:famous actors and

  directors 2>.Make comments and give opinions on

  film2.Function: 1>提出看法或作出评价(Giving oipinions and

  making comments) I think... The actors/actress

  are... How do you like...?/what do you think of...?

  Wahat do you feel about...? We think highly of...

  2>时序(Sequence) First...,and then... What did you

  do next? Finally... Later on... How long have

  you been working as...?3.Vocabulary

  silver;hero;scene;law;career;drama;role;actress;award;prize;choice;degree;

  director;speed;script;actor;academy;studio;creature;outer;adult;follow-up;

  crulty;peace;industry;owe;happiness;accept;icy;primary;leader;determine;

  live(a.);boss;comment;action silver screen;take

  off;go wrong;owe sth to sb;in all;stay away;primary

  school; lock sb up;run after;bring sb back;on the

  air;think highly of4.Grammar:the Attributive Clause(2)

  1>描述特定的时间特征---由when或介词+which引导

  2>描述特定的地点特征---由where或介词+which引导

  3>描述特定的原因或理由的内容---由why或介词+which引导

  II.Key points1.listening and speaking1>Practise making

  comments and giving opinions. practise [注意]also

  practice,后接非谓语动词用-ing形式. [举例]He practises speaking

  English every day. 他每天练习说英语. comment [用法]n.1.

  注释,评注(+on/about) 2. 批评,意见,评论(+on/about) vi.1.

  做注解,做评注(+on/upon) 2. 发表意见,评论(+on/upon) vt.

  注释,解释;评论[+(that)] [举例]He made no comments on our

  proposal. 他对我们的建议没有作评论。 He did not comment

  on what I said. 他对我的话未作评论。2>Interview each other

  using the information in the short biographies.

  interview [解析]n.[C]1. 接见,会见 2. (记者的)采访,访谈; 3. 面谈,面试

  vt.1. 接见,会见;访问,采访 2. 对...进行面谈,面试 [举例]We are now

  going to interview the Minister of Education.

  我们现在就去采访教育部长。 She has interviewed most of the

  applicants for the job. 她已和大部分申请这份工作的人面谈过。3>While

  still a student,she played roles in many plays. While

  still a student [解释]在英语中有些表示时间,方式,条件,让步的从句有时可以省略一些成分:

  如果主从句主语一致或从句主语为it,而且从句谓语含有be动词,那么,

  从句得主语和be动词可以省略.4>After graduating,she started working as

  an actress and won the Theatre World Award. graduate

  [用法]vt.1. 准予...毕业;授予...学位 vi.1. 大学毕业;毕业(+from) [举例]Mary

  was graduated from Oxford. 玛丽毕业于牛津大学。

  [联想]graduation (from...) award [用法]vt. 授予,给予(+to)

  n.[C] 奖,奖品;奖状 [举例]Phil was awarded the top prize.

  菲尔获得头奖。 The novel earned him a literary award.

  这部长篇小说为他赢得文学奖。5>She won many prizes while acting

  in some famous films. while acting

  [解释]现在分词前加上while或when,强调动作同时发生.前提是,分词的逻辑主语和句子主语一致.6>He

  left high school without a degree when he was 17.

  degree [用法]n.1. 度,度数[C] 2. 程度;等级[C][U] 3. 学位;学衔[C](+in)

  [举例]Water freezes at zero degrees Centigrade.

  水在摄氏零度结冰。 Our teacher has a high degree of

  responsibility. 我们老师有高度的责任感。7>He took many small

  jobs to make money. take many jobs [解释]此处take意为"就职"

  2.reading1>The reason why he could not go there was that

  his grades were too low. The reason why...is that...

  [用法]这是特定句型,why引导定语从句,is后的用词为that,一般不用because. [举例]The

  reason why she did it is that she wouldn t let her

  parents feel disappointed.

  她为什么做那件事是因为她不想让父母失望。2>Here he worked on a short film.

  work on [用法]从事某工作 [举例]She has been working on her

  novel since she came to the city.

  自从来到这个城市,她一直在写小说.3>This was the moment when Spielberg s

  career really took off. take off [用法]1. 脱下; 2. 起飞 3.

  休假 4.(此处)成名 [举例]The plane will take off soon.

  飞机马上就要起飞了。 He took two weeks off in August.

  他在八月份休假了两个星期。4>When the park is hit by a storm,things

  started going wrong. go wrong [用法]弄错;出问题了 [举例]The sum

  is wrong, but I can t see where I went wrong.

  总数错了,可是我看不出哪里算错了。5>Spielberg is one of the top directors

  in the film industry. top [用法]最高的;最优良的;最重要的;居首位的

  [举例]We pay top prices for used cars. 我们出最高价收购旧汽车。

  They agreed to give the matter top priority.

  他们同意优先考虑这件事6>When asked about the secret of his

  success,Spielberg said that he owes much of his success

  to his wife and children. When asked about...

  [用法]连词加过去分词结构,注意,这是分词和句子主语有逻辑上的动宾关系. [举例]Even if

  invited,I won t go to her party.

  即使受到邀请,我也不会参加她的聚会. owe [用法]vt.1. 欠(债等)(+to/for) 2.

  (应)感激(+to) 3. 应该把...归功于(+to) [举例]I owe the landlord one

  hundred dollars./I owe one hundred dollars to the

  landlord. 我欠房东一百美元。 We owe a great deal to

  our parents. 我们深受父母之恩。 We owe to Newton

  the principle of gravitation. 我们全靠牛顿才知道引力的原理。

  7>While watching Titanic,most people couldn t help

  crying when it came to the scene. couldn t help doing

  [用法]情不自禁做...;忍不住做... [举例]On hearing the news,she couldn

  t help bursting into tears. 听到这个消息,她忍不住放声大哭.

  高一第五单元The silver screen要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 121

  3.integrating skills1>Mr Gao has to stay away for a

  month to take care of his sick mother. stay away (from)

  [用法]1. 离开 2. 缺席 3. 不在家2>The village leader asks Minzhi

  to take his place until he comes back. take one s place

  [注意]准备好;各就各位;取代某人 [举例]Take your place for the next

  dance. 各就各位,准备跳下一只舞。3>She tries to keep the

  students in the classroom by locking them up and running

  after those who escape. run after [用法]追赶,追踪;追逐(对象等)

  [举例]The dog is always running after children.

  这条狗总是在追小孩. escape [用法]vi.1. 逃跑;逃脱(+from) 2.

  避免(+from/out of) 3. 漏出;流出(+from/out of) vt.1.

  逃避;逃脱;避免[+v-ing] 2. 没有被...注意到;被...忘掉 [举例]The soldier

  escaped from the enemy s prison. 这个士兵从敌人的监狱里逃了出来。

  He escaped the trials after the war.

  战后他逃过了审判。 Her name escapes me.

  我记不起她的名字了。4>She becomes worried and determines to bring

  him back safely. determine [用法]vt.1.

  决定[+to-v][+(that)] 2. 使决定,使下决心 [举例]She determined to

  go that very afternoon. 她决定就在那天下午走。 My mom

  s encouragement determined me to go on with my study.

  我母亲的鼓励使我决心继续学业。 They have determined where

  the new school will be built.

  他们已确定这所新的学校将建造在什么地方。5>Minzhi wants to go to town,but she

  can t afford to buy a bus ticket. afford [用法]vt.1.

  (常与can,could,be able to连用)买得起;有足够的...(去做...)[+to-v]

  [举例]They did not consider whether they could afford the

  time or not. 他们没有考虑是否抽得出时间。 We can t

  afford to pay such a price. 我们付不起这个价钱。6>She wants

  them to let her appear live on the air. live [用法]此处意为

  实况播送的 (a./adv.) [举例]We watched a live television show.

  我们观看了一场电视现场直播的表演。 The football game was

  televised live. 足球比赛由电视现场直播。7>If you think highly

  of the film you may enourage other people to go and see

  it. think highly of [用法]高度赞扬;高度评价 [联想]类似意思的短语还有think

  well of;sing high praise of等等.

  4>workbook1>Fast Internet connections and computers lead

  to people downloading and watching films on line. lead

  to [用法]1. 通到 2. 导致 [举例]This road leads to the hotel.

  这条路通到旅馆。 Smoking can lead to lung cancer.

  抽烟可能导致肺癌。2>Those people forget that in that way pop

  singers,films stars and directors cannot make a living.

  make a living [用法]谋生,同earn one s living3>Things were

  not the same when it became known that she was a

  princess. [注意]这里,the

  same后不接as,因为这里不存在定语从句问题.千万不要"过敏"啊.4>Before coming to

  America,Chan made his career in Hong Kong.. career

  [解释]n.1. (终身的)职业[C] 2. 经历;生涯;历程[C] [举例]He wasn t

  interested in her stage career. 他对她的演戏职业不感兴趣。

  He found it both interesting and instructive to learn

  about the careers of great men.

  他觉得了解伟人的生平既很有趣又有教益。5>Chan prefer his Hong Kong films.

  prefer [用法]vt.1. 宁可,宁愿(选择);更喜欢[+v-ing][+to-v][+(that)]

  [举例]I prefer the quiet countryside to the noisy cities.

  我喜欢安静的乡村胜过喧闹的城市。 So you prefer living

  abroad? 那么你是宁愿旅居海外啦?

  高一第六单元Good manners要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 143

  Unit 6 Good mannersI.Teaching aims and demands1.Topics

  1>learn about good table manners 2>learn to make

  apology 3>learn to express your gratitude 4>make a

  contrast study on table manners in Chinese and Western

  cultures 5>be a student with good manners2.Function:

  道歉和致谢(Apologising and Expressing thanks) Excuse me.

  Forgive me. I m (very/so/terribly) sorry. That s all

  right./That s OK./No problem. I apologize for... Oh,

  well that s life. I m sorry. I didn t meanto... Oops.

  Sorry about that. Thank you. It s

  beautiful.3.Vocabulary

  interrupt;apologise;fault;introduce;apology;forgive;culture;

  manner(s);impression;toast;

  behave;napkin;roll;dessert;unfold;lap;

  damp;cloth;custom;starter;pray;course;breast;flesh;

  bone;raise;advice;spirit;impolite;mix;wing;extra;childhood;stare;disabled4.Grammar:the

  Attributive Clause(3) 1>能够用英语描述人物,事件,时间,地点,原因等--使用限制性从句

  2>能够用英语对特定的人物,事件,时间,地点等作补充说明--使用非限制性从句

  II.Key points1.listening and speaking1>Express your

  gratitude. gratitude [用法]n. 感激之情;感恩图报之心 [举例]My heart

  is full of ~ to him. [联想]gratefulness感激;

  ingratitude忘恩负义2>The man who greeted me is my teacher.

  greet [用法]vt. 和某人打招呼;迎接;祝贺 [举例]She ~ed us with a

  smile. We re going to the airport to ~ our

  distinguished guests. We sincerely ~ed our

  chairman s successful visit.3>Write a thank-you letter

  [联想]a letter of thanks 感谢信4>make use of the expressions

  make use of [用法]利用 [举例]You should make good use of

  your spare time. The result depends on the use we

  make of the energy.5>May I interrupt you for a moment?

  interrupt [用法]vt/vi 打断;打扰;中断 [举例]I m sorry to ~

  you.Can I ask you a question? Traffic was ~ed by

  a severe flood. I m sorry to ~ but I wonder

  whether you want some coffee.6>I am terribly sorry.

  terribly [用法]adv 非常地;可怕地 [举例]They stood in the

  dark,trembling ~.7>What does Bill say to apologize for

  taking the bike without telling Cliff? apologize [用法]~

  to sb for (doing) sth 因(做)某事向某人道歉 [联想]make an zpology

  to sb for sth7>It was you who took the bike. It

  was...who... [用法]此为强调句型.对人强调时可以用who8>Just ask me next

  time if you want to use the bike,will you?

  [注意]祈使句的反意问句常用will you或won t you,否定祈使句只能用will you

  [举例]Jack,remember to clean the blackboard after

  class,will you? Don t make any noise in the

  classroom,will you?9>I guess it wasn t really your

  fault,was it? [注意]主句为第一人称,谓语是think, believe, expect,

  suppose, imagine等引导的定语从句,疑问部分与宾语从句相对应构成反意疑问句。 [举例]I don

  t think he is bright, is he?    We believe she can do

  it better, can t she? 10>You are looking for two seats

  to sit down,but there are none. none [用法]pron.

  一个人也没有;没有任何东西 [举例]None of them could do the

  exercise.2.reading1>People who go to a formal Western

  dinner party for the first time may be surprised by

  table manners in Western culture. for the first time

  [用法]第一次,在句中做状语 [比较]the first time 第一次,用于下列句型: It

  is the first time I have won the first prize in the

  Speaking Contest. The first time I saw her,my

  heart almost stopped.(此句the first time做连词)2>Knowing them

  will help you make a good impression. knowing them

  [用法]动名词短语在句中做主语 [举例]Seeing is believing. make a good

  impression (on) [用法]给某人留下好印象 [联想]leave a good

  impression (on)3>Having good manners means knowing how

  to drink a toast and how to behave at table. having

  good manners [用法]动名词短语在句中做主语 knowing...

  [用法]动名词短语在句中做宾语 mean knowing [比较]mean doing 意味着做什么

  mean to do 打算,有意做什么4>The knife and fork that are

  closest to your plate are a little bit bigger than the

  ones beside them. a little bit [用法]a little

  bit在句中修饰形容词bigger,意为“稍微,一点点”等,a little和a

  bit都作“一点儿”解,在句中作程度状语, 修饰形容词、副词或动词。 [举例]He is a

  little/bit tired. Let him have a rest. She

  studies a little/bit hard this year. 5>Dinner starts

  with a small fish. start with [用法]以什么为开始 [联想]end up

  with [辨异]to start with动词不定式,常用作状语或插入语,意为 “首先”、“在……开始时”,

  相当于at first或in the beginning,例如: To

  start/begin with, I m not his brother.6>Some people pray

  before they start eating. pray

  [用法]vi/vt请求;祈祷;请(类似please) [举例]Though his mother ~ed

  for him day and night,he failed.7>You get a bowl of

  soup-but only one bowl and never ask for a second

  serving. a second serving

  [用法]不定冠词a/an用在序数词前,表示“又一……,再一……”等。 [举例]I need a second

  day to finish my work. He has already tried for

  three times, and he still wants to try a fourth.8>It is

  polite to finish eating everything on your plate.

  finish eating [注意]finish后接-ing形式.10>When drinking to

  someone s health,you raise your glasses. drink to

  someone s health [用法]为某人的健康干杯 [联想]toast your health;

  drink a toast to your health raise [用法]vt.

  抚养;提高;饲养;提出;举起筹款 [举例]They both worked in order to ~ the

  children. Those who have questions please ~ their

  hands. They have ~d enough money for the school

  for the deaf.11>They follow the fashion of the day.

  follow the fashion

  [用法]follow此处意为遵循;追随.另有听从;领会等意.12>Although good manners

  make you look good,you do not need to worry about all

  these rules while having dinner with your family. look

  good [用法]look good此处意为修养好、受欢迎 [比较]look

  well,well用作表语时只能指人的身体状况,13>Laying the table for a dinner

  in Western countries and in China is not the same. lay

  the table [用法]摆放餐桌14>Make a list of things on a Western

  dinner table. make a list of [用法]列出...;开出...的名单

  高一第六单元Good manners要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 144

  3.integrating skills1>I wish you all the best. [用法]wish

  sb sth 祝愿某人如何 [举例]I wish you great success.2>Some good

  manners to keep in mind keep sth in mind [用法]记住..

  [举例]These are the duties we should keep in mind.3>make

  jokes about disabled people make jokes about

  [用法]拿..开玩笑 disabled people [用法]残疾人 [联想]people with

  disabilities

  4>workbook1>What a surprise to see you! surprise

  [注意]抽象名词具体化时,可以加冠词 [举例]The sports meeting was a

  success.2>drink too much alcohol [比较]too

  much修饰或指代不可数名词;much too而修饰形容词或副词 3>take turns

  playing different roles in the discussion take turns

  [用法]轮流;依次4>forgive [用法]vt/vi 原谅;宽恕 [举例]Forgive me for

  what I have dong to you. It s better for me yo ~

  and forget. (不念旧恶)5>stare at [用法]盯着看 [联想]galre at

  怒目而视6>belong to [用法]属于某人7>Good manners are not only

  about the way we talk Good manners weak cotton

  [用法]好礼貌(常用复数) the way we talk [用法]we

  talk为定语从句,省略了关系词that或in which 8>in public [用法]当众

  [举例]It s bad manners to spit in public.9>In Russia,you

  have to match your drink with that of your host match

  [用法]vi/vt 相配;相适应

  高一第七单元Cultural relics要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 113

  Unit 7 Cutural RelicsI.Teaching aims and demands1.Topics

  1>Talk about cultural relics 2>talk about ways to

  protect cultural relics 3>giving advice and make

  suggestions2.Function: 提出意见和建议(Giving adcice and

  making suggestions) What shall we...? Maybe we

  could...? Shall we...? I d like to... Can t

  we...? What/How about...? Should we...? Why

  don t you...? Let s... Why

  not...?3.Vocabulary

  cultural;pyramid;represent;include;ruin;burn;restore;rebuild;beauty;photograph;

  portrait;recreate;unite;artist;period;vase;stone;damage;ancient;project;brick;

  official;cave;pollution;carbin;breath;limit;sincerely

  give in;in ruins;bring...back to life;pull down;set up

  4.Grammar:被动语态(1) 1>描述事物已经受到某种影响或某种处理--使用现在完成时被动态

  2>描述人物已经被动的接受某种行为或某种处理--使用现在完成时被动语态 II.Key

  points1.listening and speaking1>Complete the map of each

  site based on what you hear on the tape. base...on...

  [用法]以..为依据;根据... [举例]Darwin ~d his ideas on scientific

  experiments. The teaching plan is ~d on the

  interests of the students.2>This compsule will be sent

  into space. space [用法]作 太空 讲,通常没有冠词 [举例]I wonder how

  astronauts live in space.3>You can select five things

  that represent Chinese culture. represent [用法]vt 代表

  [举例]The Party must always represent the requirements of

  the development of China s advanced productive forces,

  the orientation of the development of China s advanced

  culture, and the fundamental interests of the

  overwhelming majority of the people in China4>You may

  also include a short message in any language in the

  capsule. include [用法]vt 包括;把...列入 [举例]Your name is ~d

  in the list. The price ~s three

  meals.2.reading1>Where there is a river,there is a city.

  where [用法]引导状语从句 [举例]有志者事竟成. Where there is a

  will,there is a way.2>St. Petersburg has been the centre

  of many important events in history. in history

  [用法]历史上(没有限定时通常不加冠词) [举例]At that time he was a great

  general fighting against the invaders. But all

  this is distant ~. Jack knows a lot about the ~

  of China.3>It may under attack for 900 days,but the

  people in the city never give in. attack [用法]vt/vi/n.

  进攻;攻击 [举例]How dared Charles Darwin ~ beliefs and ideas

  which had been held for centuries? give in

  [用法]让步;屈服;上交;支撑不住 [举例]Please give in your exercise

  books tomorrow. Both sides argued with reason,and

  neither would give in.4>St. Petersburg was almost in

  ruins. in ruins [用法]成为废墟 ruin [用法]vt/vi/n. [举例]We

  visited the ruins of the temple. The heavy rain

  ruined our holiday. 5>Paintings and statues lay in

  pieces on the ground. lie [用法]躺;位于

  [注意]过去式,过去分词为lay;lain [联想]lie 撒谎;过去式,过去分词为lied;lied

  lay 摆放;产卵;下蛋;过去式.过去分词为laid;laid6>We ll not let our

  history and culture be destroyed and we ll do www.snjdy.com

  everything we can to save our city. do everything we

  can to save [用法]尽最大努力做...;不定式做目的状语 [联想]do all I can to

  do7>Pieces of the palaces could now be used to rebuild

  the city and its culture. a second serving

  [用法]不定冠词a/an用在序数词前,表示“又一……,再一……”等。 [举例]I need a second

  day to finish my work. He has already tried for

  three times, and he still wants to try a fourth.8>The

  people were able to bring back the beauty of their

  culture and history. bring back [用法]拿回退换;使某人返回;恢复

  [举例]The dress I bought here the other day doesn t fit.

  May I bring it back tomorrow? Wei Mingzhi

  determined to bring back the boy who had run away from

  school.10>Old paitings,including a portrait of Peter the

  Great which was found in the snow. a portrait of Peter

  [用法]彼得大帝的肖像 [比较]a picture of Peter s

  彼得的一幅照片(不一定是他本人)11>The people have shown that their

  dreams can come true. come true

  [用法]成为现实;实现12>Strong,proud and united,the people of St

  Petersberg are the modern heroes of Russia.

  Strong,proud and united [用法]为前置定语,这里相当于一个非限制性定语从句。

  [举例]Confident,selfless and honest,she is my good role

  model. 她自信、无私、诚实,是我的楷模。

  高一第七单元Cultural relics要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 114

  3.integrating skills1>To make your voice heard,you can

  write a letter to a newspaper aditor. make your voice

  heard [用法]heard为过去分词做宾补,和voice是动宾关系. [举例]Please speak

  slowly so that you can make yourself understood.

  Wandering in the street,I heard my name called.2>The

  number of visitors should be limited. limit [用法]n./vt.

  范围;限定;限制 [举例]I have resched the ~ of my ability.

  There is a ~ to my patience. He will ~ himself to

  a discussion of these two things.4>workbook1>Why was it

  difficult to find out how people lived in the ancient

  times? in the ancient times [用法]在古代 [注意]times表示年代

  [举例]The times are different now.Women can also do what

  men can do.2>Listen and write down the reasons they give

  for protecting the temple. they give for protecting the

  temple [用法]此为定语从句修饰the reasons,因关系词在从句中做宾语,故省略了.3>Long

  ago some travellers went to North America and then

  settled down there. settle down [用法]成家;定居;使安定下来;专心致志

  [举例]The chairman tries to settle down the audience by

  reading the newspaper. At present he cannot

  settle down to anything.4>In China 700 million yuan has

  been spent on the protection of cultural relics since

  1990. 700 million yuan [用法]...钱,常作为整体看待,动词用单数式 the

  protection of cultural relics [用法]of用来体现前后两词的动宾关系

  since 1990 [用法]since;ever

  since;since...等做时间状语,(主)句常用完成时态. [举例]He has been to

  many other countries since he became a pilot.5>As the

  result of the dam,the water level was going to rise by

  63 metres. rise by 63 metres [用法]by 至...程度 [举例]The

  bullet missed him by two inches. It needs to be

  longer by two feet.6>The old temples date from about

  1250 BC. date from [用法]始于 [举例]Their friendship dates

  from primary school days.7>Many of the temples would be

  covered by the waters of the new lake. waters

  [用法]表示大片水域8>The project lasted four years. last [用法]vi

  持续 vt 经受住 [举例]How long will the meeting ~ ? The

  food in the canoe was enough to ~ him a week.9>Each

  stone was marked with a number. be marked with

  [用法]被标注上... [举例]The old man brought out a package

  marked with name and date.10>Today you can either fly to

  Abu Simbel or you can take a boat from across the lake.

  from across the lake [用法]从湖泊的对面,from可加介词短语 [举例]from

  under the table 11>What do we need to think about when

  we make decisions about cultural relics? make decisions

  about [用法]作出关于什么的决定12>Make sure that you explain what

  the problem is... make sure [用法]证实;确定 [举例]Make sure

  that the windows are closed before you leave.

  Before writing your report,you d better make sure of all

  your facts.

  高一第八单元Sports要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 118

  Unit 8 SportsI.Teaching aims and demands1.Topics 1>talk

  about sports 2>talk about the Olympic Games 3>talk

  about sports stars2.Function: 兴趣和爱好(Interests and

  hobbies) Which do you like,...or...? I like

  watching it. What s your favourite sport? Shooting,I

  think. Which sport do you like best? I like...best.

  Which do you prefer,...or...? I prefer...to... What

  about...? I d rather watch it than play

  it. Are you interested in...? Yes,very

  much/No,not really/Sure,I love sports3.Vocabulary

  BC;AD;continent;well-known;athlete;gold;medal;torch;badminton;speed

  skating; track and

  field;tie;final;dive;shooting;Greece;competitor;motto;further;rank;gymnastics;prepare;preparations;effect;flame;compete;flag;weight;position;superstar;point;skill;weigh;title;gesture;facial

  stand for;because of;would rather;take part;in

  preparation for 4.Grammar:被动语态(2)

  1>描述事物将受到某种影响或某种处理--使用将来时被动态

  2>描述人物将被动的接受某种行为或某种处理--使用将来时被动语态 II.Key

  points1.listening and speaking1>What do the five Olympic

  rings stand for? stand for [用法]代表;象征 [举例]In a kind of

  alphabet for the blind,different finger positions ~

  letters of the alphabet.2>How many gold medals did China

  win the 2000 Olympic Games? win [用法]vi/vt

  赢;赢得(奖金,比赛,奖牌,荣誉等) [注意]中文里A 赢了B,英文中需用beat(打败)而不是win.

  [举例]Without your help,you would not have won.3>In which

  year was the first Olympic Torch Relay? Relay [用法]n.

  替班;接力赛跑 [举例]The shop-assistants work in ~s these days.

  We won in the 4×100 ~ race.4>Each question is

  worth one point. worth [用法]a. 有(...的)价值,值... [举例]This

  necklace is worth 1,000 US dollars. That novel is

  not worth reading. The exhibition is worth a

  visit.5>Congratulations!You really know the Olympics

  well. Congratulations [用法]祝贺;恭喜(常用复数) [举例]a letter of

  congratulations6>I prefer...to... [用法]prefer (doing)

  sth to (doing) sth 宁愿(做)..而不愿(做).. [举例]He preferred

  going to the cinema to watching TV at home.7>I d rather

  watch it than play it. would rather [用法]宁可,宁愿.

  后接动词原型,否定句在rather后加not [举例]I ll never be dependent on

  anyone again. I d rather starve.2.reading1>Every four

  years athletes take part in the Olympics. Every four

  years [用法]每四年或每隔三年 [举例]Take the medicine every five

  hours. [联想]每隔一天 every second day;every other day;every

  two days 每隔数百米 every few hundred metres take

  part (in) [用法]参加(...活动) [举例]When was it that China

  took part in the Olympic Games for the first time?2>The

  ancient Olympics began around the year 776 BC in Greece.

  [用法]=before Christ 公元前...年(基督之前...年),亦指bachelor of

  chemistry 化学学士 或bachelor of commerce 商学士

  [联想]A.D. =Anno Domini (=in the year of our Lord)

  【拉】公元...年3>Most of the sports were the same as they are

  now. the same as..

  [用法]先行词为same或含有same时,后面的定语从句关系词用as,表示和...同样的 [举例]I have

  the same T-shirt as you.4>Women were not allowed to take

  part in in the games. allow [用法]allow sb to do/allow

  doing [举例]Visitors are not allowed to go inside the

  temple. We don t allow smoking in the

  offices.5>The Olympic motto means that every athlete

  should try to run faster,junp higher and throw further.

  further [用法]a./ad. 1. 更远的;较远的 2. 另外的;进一步的;深一层的 3.

  而且;另外;再者 [举例]Do you need further help?

  It s getting dark.We had better not go any

  further.6>Following the history-making success in the

  2000 Sydney Olympic Games, China won another

  competition in 2001 which was not for a medal.

  Following... [用法]分词做状语.意为"继2000悉尼奥运会取得历史性的成功后..."7>The

  sentence below summarise the article. summarise

  [用法]vt./vi 1. 总结,概述,概括;作总结,作概括 [举例]She summarized the

  aims of the new party in a couple of sentences.8>What

  will be done in preparation for the 2008 Olympics in

  Beijing? in preparation for [用法]为...作准备 [举例]He

  sharpened his knife in preparation for carving the meat.

  [联想]相应的动词短语为make preparations for [举例]We made

  preparations for the trip.10>Hosting the Olympic Games

  is a great honour and a great responsibility. honour

  [用法]n.1. 荣誉;名誉,面子[U]; 2. 光荣的事或人[C];3.敬意[U] [举例]We fight

  for the honor of our country. He is an honor to

  our school. Children should be taught to show

  honor to their elders.11>Being the host will have good

  and bad effect on the host city. have effect on

  [用法]对..起作用;对...产生影响 [举例]This had a great effect upon

  the future of both mother and son.12>They will make the

  flags by hand. by hand [用法]用手 [联想]She went to prepare

  him a meal with her own hands. 她去亲手为他做一顿饭。

  He was an old hand at the job. 他做这工作是老手了。

  高一第八单元Sports要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 119

  3.integrating skills1>Yao Ming scored 32.4 points per

  game. score [用法]vt.1. (体育比赛中)得(分),记(分);使得分; 2.

  (考试等中)得(分); 3. 给...打分,给...评分 [举例]He only scored nine

  hundred marks. Mary scored the highest marks on

  the exam. Professor Hunter is busy scoring the

  examinations. 亨特教授正忙于给考试评分。2>Yao Ming has more

  than just size. more than [用法]不仅仅是 [举例]Hibernation is

  more than sleep. 冬眠不仅仅是睡觉.3>Yao Ming is working

  hard to live his dream. live [用法]实践;经历;实现 [举例]None of

  the others have lived my experiences.

  其他人没有一个经历过我的这些遭遇。4>When did Yao Ming turn professional?

  turn [用法]vi. 此处意为"变成""成为" [举例]On hearing the news,her

  face turned pale.

  4>workbook1>You have been asked to discuss the cause and

  effect of some serious problems. causes and effect

  [用法]起因与结果2>Athletes set a good example for young sports

  fans. set a good example for [用法]给...树立好的榜样

  [联想]还可以这么说: set sb a good example3>Every day the big man

  weighs himselff to see whether he has put on weight.

  put on weight [用法]长胖;体重增加 [联想]lose weight 减肥 weigh

  [用法]vt/vi 称...的重量; 称重多少... [举例]He weighed the parcel by

  hand. 他用手估量那个包裹的重量。 How much do you weigh?

  你体重多少?4>What about those who don t make lots of

  money? What about [用法]同how about,意为...怎么样?

  用来征求意见或询问看法.后接名词,代词或动名词 [举例]You like the style.What

  about the colour? How about the two of us going

  to dance on Sunday?5>Even if they do become the

  best,they may never be as famous as the bog stars. do

  become [用法]do用来对become进行强调 [举例]Do remember to bring

  your exercise book tomorrow. I did see him the

  street this morning.Why didn t you believe me?6>I

  sometimes wish I could make as much money as Jordan.

  wish [用法]后面的句子要用虚拟语气形式,具体要看所指的时间 [举例]I wish (that) I

  had never met her./ 我要是没遇见过她就好了。(对过去而言) I

  wish (that) I were/was younger.

  我真希望能年轻一些。(对现在而言)7>I only care about getting better and

  about competing for my country. care about

  [用法]在意;在乎;感兴趣;关心 [举例]I don t care about the expenses.So

  long as I have time I will go. They don t care

  about this kind of books. compete [用法]vi 竞争;比赛;媲美

  [联想]competition n.比赛 competitive a.有竞争力的

  competitor n. 比赛者;对手8>I am proud to be part of the

  Games. proud [用法]a.1. 骄傲的,有自尊心的; 2. 傲慢的,自负的; 3.

  自豪的,得意的 [举例]He s too proud to speak to poor people like

  us. 他太骄傲了,从不与我们这样的穷人说话。

  高一第九单元Technology要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 115

  Unit 9 TechnologyI.Teaching aims and demands1.Topics

  1>Talk about science and technology 2>Describe things

  and how they work 3>Talk about the advantages and

  disadvantages of modern technology 4>Talk about new

  inventions2.Function: 同意和不同意(Agreement and

  disagreement) Absolutely. I

  disagree./Well,yes,but... That s exactly what I was

  thinking. I m afraid I don t agree. That s a good

  point. You can t be serious. That s

  just how I see it. Well,it depends. That s

  worth thinking about. I would have to disagree

  with that.

  Well,I m not so sure about that.3.Vocabulary

  toothpick;agreement;disagreement;disagree;absolutely;depend;press;teenager;throughout;add;latest;calendar;remind;appointment;behaviour;obey;dare;case;emergency;whatever;

  dial;according;unexpected;particular;negative;clone;interview;department;electricity;

  planet;wonder;defeat;force;peaceful;succeed;skip

  stay in touch with;call for;in case (of);according

  to;take over;break down 4.Grammar: 被动语态 The Present

  Continuous Passive Voice (3)

  1.用英语描述事物正在受到某种影响或处理---使用现在进行时被动态

  2.用英语描述人物正在受到某种影响或处理---使用现在进行时被动态 II.Key

  points1.listening and speaking1>as many...as

  [用法]和...一样多;有...那么多 [举例]Take as many books as you want.

  As many as ten students were late for class this

  morning. [联想]as much...as 指代或修饰不可数名词 [举例]Some students

  are spend as much as 200 yuan on their cellphones.2>If

  you turn a left-handed glove inside out,it will fit on a

  right hand. fit [用法]vi/vt 适合;适应;装备 n.合身 a. 合适的;恰当的;健康的

  [搭配]fit in with 适应;配合 fit on 试穿3>Jane wants to

  buy a cellphone. cellphone [用法]n. 手机 [联想]mobile 手机;

  cordless phone 无绳电话; vision phone可视电话4>Absolutely.

  [用法]ad. 1.绝对地,完全地 2.【口】(用于对答)一点不错,完全对 [举例]It s

  absolutely no business of hers. 这件事与她毫不相关。5>That

  s a good point. [用法]你说得有道理. [联想]口语中表示同意的表达还有许多,如:I see

  what you mean 我明白你的意思 I couldn t agree more

  我举双手赞成。

  6>Well,it depends. it depends [用法]看情况而定 [联想]depend on

  依赖;取决于 [举例]I knew he wasn t to be depended upon.

  我知道他不可信赖。 Health depends on good food, fresh air

  and enough sleep. 健康依靠的是良好的食物,新鲜的空气和充足的睡眠。7>I m

  afraid I don t agree. agree [用法]vi/vt 同意.

  该词搭配较多,注意以下例句的不同用法. [举例]1. I don t agree with him on

  many things. 我和他在许多事情上意见不一致。 2. I think

  we should stop; do you agree? 我觉得我们该停止了,你同意吗?

  3. This bill does not agree with your original

  estimate. 这张帐单与你当初的估计不符。8>I m not so sure

  about that. sure [用法]a.1. 确信的,有把握的 2. 一定的,必定的 3.

  确实的;可靠的 [举例]I m not sure whether our team will win.

  我不能肯定我队是否能赢。 We are sure of his innocence.

  我们确信他是无辜的。2.reading1>She takes out her red cellphone

  and press the talk key. press [用法]vt. 1. 按,压,挤 2.

  压碎,压破;榨出 3. 熨平(衣服) 5. 催促;催逼;强迫;(极力)劝说 vi. 1.

  挤向前,奋力前进 2. 紧迫 n. 1. 报刊;新闻界;记者们;通讯社 2.(常大写)出版社

  [举例]Press this button to start the engine.

  按此钮发动引擎。 He was pressing his jacket.

  他在烫外套。 He pressed her to come with him.

  他强迫她跟他走。2>I should be home in about ten minutes. should

  [用法]应该,但此处是一种推断、猜测,而非义务,责任等 [举例]She should be here any

  minute. 她该马上就到。 Dinner should be ready by

  now.

  此刻晚饭应该做好了。 in about ten minutes

  [用法]大约十分钟以后,主要用于将来时间3>Wang Mei is one of many Chinese

  teenagers who live life "on the go" and use cellphones.

  on the go [用法]忙碌;活跃 [举例]She s been on the go all day.

  Healthy,happy people are usually on the go.4>New

  functions are being added to the phones. add...to

  [用法]把..加到..上面去 [联想]add to... 增加 add up 把...加起来

  add up to 总计 add that-clause 补充说5>An

  electronic calendar will remind you about appointments

  and important dates. remind [用法]提醒;使想起 [搭配]remind sb

  of/about sth/sb remind sb to do remind sb

  that-clause6>I don t dare to use the phone in school.

  dare [用法]v.aux. 敢;竟敢 (主要用于疑问,否定或条件句),过去式为dared

  vt. 敢;胆敢 (除具有一般实义动词之特点外,在否定,疑问句中dare后的to可省略.7>Their

  children will spend too much time and money on phone

  calls. too much [用法]修饰不可数名词 [联想]much too

  修饰形容词或副词8>The answer seems to be that we have a need to

  stay in touch with friends no matter where we are or

  what we are doing. stay in touch with [用法]和...保持联系 no

  matter where [用法]无论哪儿;不管哪儿,用以引导让步状语从句 [举例]No matter

  where he goes,his dog follows him.10>We can call for

  help in case of an emergency in case of

  [用法]万一...;如果...发生;假使... [举例]In case of fire,ring the

  alarm bell.11>She says that her cellphone helps her do

  whatever she wants to do. whatever [用法]无论什么,此处引导名词性从句

  [注意]whatever还可引导让步状语从句,相当于no matter what [举例]No matter

  what you do(Whatever you do),you must do it well.

  Goats eat whatever food they can fond. 山羊找到什么吃什么.

  高一第九单元Technology要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 116

  3.integrating skills1>It is the year 2374 and the

  machines have taken over.

  take over [用法]接管;接受 [举例]When he retired,his eldest

  son took over the farm. 他退休后,他的长子接管了农场.

  [注意]take的用法和搭配相当多,本站有专门介绍,搜索可得.2>The few surviving human

  beings are being used in the way that we use machines

  today. The few [用法]为数不多的 in the way [用法]1.用这种方法

  2.挡路;妨碍某人 the way that we use machines today

  [用法]当way做先行词,并在定语从句中做状语时,关系词用that或in which或省略3>They have

  to repair machines when they break down. break down

  [用法]抛锚;垮了;坏了 [举例]The car broke down on the way to the

  forest. He didn t take care of his health and at

  last his health broke down.

  他不注意自己的身体,最终身体垮了.4>Q12 cannot be defeated by force.

  defeat [用法]vt./n. 击败;战胜;受挫折 [举例]Our team has defeated

  theirs.(亦可用beat,但不能用win) It was lack of money

  that defeated their plan.

  由于缺少经费,他们的计划受到挫折.5>Instead,the students have decided to

  come up with a peaceful solution. come up with

  [用法]提出;提供;想出;赶上 [举例]Scientists will have to come up

  with new methods of increasing the world s food supply.

  科学家们必须为增加世界粮食供应提供新方法. He walked so fast

  that I couldn t come up with him.6>Imagine that you are

  one of those chosen to solve the problem. Imagine

  [用法]vt. 想像;猜想,料想(后接名词,代词,动名词或宾语从句) vi. 想像,猜想 [举例]I can

  t imagine what has happened. 我想像不出发生了什么事。

  I imagine you are tired from the journey.

  我想你旅途劳累了。7>If you practise reading and thinking in this

  way,you ll become a smarter reader. practise reading

  and thinking [用法]后接名词,代词或动名词 [举例]You should keep

  practising speaking English,if you want to learn it

  well. 想学好英语,你应该坚持练习说英语.8>If they succeed,they

  believe humans and machines can live together like

  friends. succeed [用法]vi. 成功 vt.接续;继承 [举例]He succeeded

  in getting the job. 他谋得了那份工作。 Our plan has

  succeeded. The millionaire s eldest son will

  succeed to his estate. 这百万富翁的长子将继承他的产业。 The

  storm was succeeded by calm.

  暴风雨后一片宁静。4>workbook1>What are the advantaged and

  disadvantages of modern technology? advantaged and

  disadvantages [用法]优点和缺点 [补充]advantage n. 1. 有利条件,优点,优势

  2. 利益,好处 disadvantage n. 1. 不利条件 2. 不利;损失,损害

  [举例]His lack of education was a disadvantage when he

  looked for a job. 他缺少教育,这在找工作时是一个不利条件。 Not

  studying will be to your disadvantage. 不学习将对你不利。

  [联想]take advantage of 利用2>The money will be spent on

  equipment. equipment [用法]n.[U] 1. 配备,装备 2. 设备;器械;用具

  [举例]The complete equipment of the new hospital will take

  a year. 把这个新医院的设备配齐要化一年时间。 The store sells

  tents and other camping equipment.

  这家商店出售帐篷和其他野营用具。 [联想]equip vt. 1. 装备,配备 2.

  使有能力;使有资格;赋予 [举例]Our laboratory is well equipped.

  我们的实验室装备良好。3>New trees are being planted which will give

  shade in summer. shade [用法]n. 1. 荫;阴凉处;阴暗 2.

  遮光物,遮太阳的东西 [举例]I saw him sitting in the shade of a

  tree. 我看见他坐在树荫下。 [联想]shadow n. 1. 荫;阴暗处 2. 影子

  [举例]Sometimes she sits alone in the shadow.

  有时候她独自一人坐在幽暗处。 Lunar eclipse occurs when the

  earth s shadow falls on the moon.

  地球的影子落在月球上时,就发生月蚀。4>They are based on the ideas that

  transportation means moving sth from one place to

  another. be based on [用法]以什么为根据;建立在什么基础之上(前面的课文中已有呈现)

  ...ideas that...

  [用法]that引导的是同位语从句,指idea的内容.注意和定语从句的区分.5>With

  teleportation,a person or thing is taken apart at point

  A and put together again at point B. taken...apart

  [用法]使分开;拆散 [举例]John took the engine apart.

  约翰把引擎拆开。 [联想]tell...apart 把...区分开6>The more we know,the

  more we can imagine. The more...the more...

  [用法]越...越... [举例]The harder you work,the more progress

  you will make.7>Can you think of some examples to prove

  this idea? prove [用法]vt. 证明,证实 vi. 证明是;原来是 [举例]I

  ll prove to the world that he was right.

  我将向世人证明他是对的。 My advice proved to be wrong.

  我的意见证明是错的。8>Computers and the Internet are among the

  latest great inventions to change the world. among

  [用法]在...中间,此处指其中之一 [举例]He s among the students who are

  good at English. latest [用法]a.1. 最新的;最近的 2. 最迟的 ad.

  最迟地;最近地 [举例]She is dressed in the latest Paris fashion

  她身穿巴黎最新款式的时装 He was the latest person to

  come. 他是最晚来的人。

  高一第十单元The world around us要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 114

  Unit 10 The World Around Us

  I.Teaching aims and demands1.Topics 1>Talk about ways

  to protect the environment 2>Talk about wildlife

  endangerment 3>Talk about causes and effects

  2.Function: 原因和结果(Causes and effects) Why...?

  Because/As/Since... Because of...,I...

  If...,then... As a result of... It follows that...

  It will use... It will lead to...3.Vocabulary www.snjdy.com

  fur;Tibetan;lead;jungle;wolf;giraffe;environmental;tour;act;measure;original;battary;devote;common;valuable;reduce;respond;amount;package;packging;harmful;flat;material;poster;attractive;topic;organize;brief

  in danger;die out;as a result of;lead to;take

  measures;adapt to; make a difference;devote...to;at

  present;set free;in the wild;throw away4.Grammar:

  Review Direct and Indirect Speech 1.Reporting

  statements 2.Reporting yes-no questions 3.Reporting

  wh-questions 4.Reporting commands and requests

  5.Reporting general truth

  II.Key points1.listening and speaking1>When farmers cut

  down trees,tigers no longer hide and hunt. no longer

  [用法]不再,可与not...any longer换用. [举例]She no longer feels

  afraid. He s no longer at school. No

  longer are they staying with us.

  他们不再和我们在一起.2>There are few areas left where pandas can

  live. left [用法]剩下,此处为过去分词做定语。 [联想]leave的特别用法:

  1.leave sb to do 让某人去做某事 2.leave sb doing

  使某人处于某种状态 3.leave the window open 让窗户开着3>Many of

  the world s animals and plants are in danger. in danger

  [用法]处于危险中 [比较]dangerous:造成危险的;带来危险的 [举例]Get an

  ambulance---her life is in danger. The fire is

  dangerous to us as it is so near.4>Why is it so

  important to make sure that animals do not die out? die

  out [用法]消亡;灭绝 [联想]die away 逐渐消失;逐渐停止 [举例]The sound of

  conversation died away as soon as the curtain rose.

  大幕一升起,谈话的声音渐渐地停了下来. In the struggle for

  life,the species,which had not been successful,died out.

  在生存竞争中,不能成功的物种就灭绝了. 5>Work together with your

  partner and try to think of some solutions to the

  problems. together with [用法]意同as well as;along with

  [注意]在连接主语时,谓语动词的数取决于充当主语的第一个名词的数.6>It will lead to...

  lead to [用法]导致 [举例]The development of national economy

  has led to a life of happiness.

  国家经济的发展使人民过上了幸福生活. Careless driving will lead to

  the loss of life. 开车大意会导致丧命.7>Student A will act

  as the reporter and Student B will act as the animal.

  act as [用法]充当;担任 [比较]act vt. 扮演...角色; vi.

  行动;做事;表演8>Take turns asking and answering questions.

  Take turns (in) doing [用法]轮流做某事 [联想]take one s turn

  依次轮流 by turns 交替;轮流 [举例]1.When people are

  waiting for the bus,he takes his turn. 2.The two

  boys took turns in driving to the faraway village.

  3.She was happy and angry by turns.2.reading1>Jones is

  an environmental expert who tries to keep animals and

  plants from becoming endangered. keep...from doing

  [用法]防止(阻止;避免)...做... [联想]stop...from doing;

  prevent...from doing 意思基本相同2>We human beings could not

  survive without all plants and animals around us. could

  [用法]本句为虚拟语气用法,could表示反现实的含义.without短语相当于一个隐藏的条件:if

  there were no plants and animals around us. [举例]If you

  needed assistance,I could do something.

  假如你需要帮助,我可以帮你做点什么.(看样子,你不愿接受帮助) In the USA,for

  example,75% of the grains is used to feed animals.This

  grain could be used to feed humans,rather than

  animals.3>He takes us on a tour of Green Park in

  Birmingham. tour [用法]n. 1. 旅行,旅游,游览 2. 巡视;巡回演出;巡回比赛

  [举例]Mr. Adams made a tour around East Asia last year.

  亚当斯先生去年往东亚旅行了一次。 Their troupe is on tour in

  the South. 他们的剧团在南方巡回演出。4>We must learn to act in

  ways that do not harm other living things. that do not

  harm other living things [用法]此为定语从句,关系词在从句中做主语,不可省略

  [比较]I don t like the way that you laugh at her.

  本句中way在定语从句中做状语,关系词用that或in which或省略. [举例]1.I was

  impressed by the way in which she did it.5>...,we may be

  able to take measures before it is too late. take

  measures [用法]采取措施 [举例]Measures must be taken to fulfil

  the task in time.6>A species can become endangered for

  different reasons. species [用法]n. 种类;【生】种;人类[the S]

  [注意]单复数相同 [举例]There are many species of chrysanthemum.

  菊花品种很多。7>They are all used to their

  environment;that is,they have learnt how to live

  successfully in their habitat. that is [用法]那就是;即

  [举例]John is a New Yorker;that is,he lives in New

  York.8>...,the animal or plant has to adapt to the

  change or find a new home. adapt [用法]vt.1. 使适应,使适合 2.

  改编,改写 vi. 适应[(+to)] [举例]He tried hard to adapt himself

  to the new conditions. 他努力使自己适应新的情况。10>The good

  news is that there is a lot we can do to help. that

  there is a lot we can do to help

  [用法]that引导的是表语从句(名词性从句的一种),其构成与宾语从句、主语从句类似. [举例]The

  trouble is that we don t have the computer.11>Even small

  things can make a big difference. make a difference

  [用法]有关系;有差别;重要 [联想]make no difference 无甚差别;不要紧

  [举例]Your good score on the coming test will make the

  difference between your passing or failing the

  course.12>Professor Stevenson,who has devoted himself to

  protecting the milu deer,gave a talk to Chinese college

  students. devoted ... to ... [用法]把...献给...;把...专用于...

  [举例]We must devote every effort to helping those

  homeless children. Einstein devoted himself to

  abstract research. 13>How many centers are there at

  present for the milu deer in China? at present

  [用法]现在;目前 [联想]present的其他用法: n.礼物 a.在场的;出席的;现在的 vt.赠送,给予

  presently adv. 一会儿;不久 [举例]You may still keep the

  book for another week because I am very busy at present.

  What he said made all the people present at the

  meeting moved a great deal. Don t worry.The

  doctor will come to see you presently.

  高一第十单元The world around us要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 115

  3.integrating skills1>Without air,water and sunlight

  there would be no living things. there would be

  [用法]would仍是虚拟语气用法,全句意为 (假如)没有空气,水和阳光,就不会有生命.

  (而实际上,现在不可能没有空气,水和阳光) [举例]If I were you,I would take

  his advice.

  如果我是你,我会接受他的意见.(我不可能是你,这是和事实相反的一种假设)2>Human beings often

  throw away things they have used only once. throw away

  [用法]扔掉;抛弃 [举例]I never had the habit of saving the match

  boxes.I just threw them away. [联想]throw off

  扔掉;摆脱;匆匆脱掉(衣服) [举例]I wanted very much to throw off my

  old clothes so I went into a tailor s shop.3>In

  fact,nature is much better at recycling than we humans

  are. is much better at [用法]可理解为be good at的比较级形式4>May

  be we should learn from nature and become better

  recyclers. learn from [用法]向...学习;从...吸取教训 [举例]We

  should learn from the advanced workers.

  我们应该向先进工作者们学习. Why don t you learn from my

  mistakes? 你为何不从我的错误中吸取教训呢?5>We can respond by

  thinking about nature and telling other people about

  environmental problems. respond [用法]vi. 1. 作答,回答[+to]

  2. 作出反应;响应[+to/by/with] [举例]Has she responded to your

  letter? 她有没有回过你的信? The government has

  responded to pressure and dropped the proposal.

  政府已在压力下放弃了这一建议。6>A poster should be attractive and easy

  to understand. easy to understand

  [用法]这里的主语poster和understand虽然是动宾关系,但表语形容词后的动词不定式一般用主动式

  [举例]Jack is easy to fool. He is difficult to deal

  with. The man is hard to work with.

  4>workbook1>Try to persuade the other group members that

  you are the most useful animal. persuade [用法]persuade

  sb that/to do/into doing 意为说服+成功; 而try to

  persuade意为 试图说服,但不一定成功 ,相当于advise2>They have spent a

  large amount of money protecting wild animals. a large

  amount of [用法]同large amounts

  of,后接不可数名词,做主语时谓语动词的数取决于amount的数 [举例]The number of

  letters we receive is increasing. I have a large

  number of books on the subject. We must often

  memorize large amounts of material.3>Up to a hundred

  species become extinct every day. Up to [用法]此处意为 高达...

  [联想]What are you up to? 你在忙些什么? It s up to

  you!(由你做主) I m up to my ears[忙得不可开交;深陷于某事物中] in

  work.(我忙死了) extinct [用法]a.1. (火等)熄灭了的 2. 消亡了的;破灭了的 3.

  绝种的,灭绝的 [举例]The volcano is extinct. 这座火山是座死火山。

  My hope of getting some employment was extinct.

  我要找到工作的希望落空了。 The passenger pigeon is extinct.

  旅鸽已绝种。4>The Malayan sun bear is among the animals

  that need our help. among [用法]在……当中 [举例]A giraffe is

  the tallest among (or of) all animals.5>The bears can t

  find enough food,so they have to go look for food on

  farms. go look for [用法]寻找 [举例]Let s go look for some

  food. 让我们去找点吃的.6>There are also people who like to keep

  Malayan sun bearts as pets. keep ... as ...

  [用法]把...当作宠物来喂养 [联想]keep…as it is按原样保留··· [举例] The

  experts suggested we keep the ancient house as it

  is.7>Now that the basic conditions are set,it is time to

  think how your world will work . Now that

  [用法]既然;由于,引导原因状语从句 [举例]Now (that) you are well

  again,you can travel.

  高一第十一单元The sounds of the world要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 125

  Unit 11 The Sound of The WorldI.Teaching aims and

  demands1.Topics 1>Talk about different kinds of music

  2>Ask for suggestions and give advice 3>Talk about

  famous musicians 4>Compare modern and traditional

  music2.Function: 征求和给予建议(Ask for suggestions and give

  advice) What can you suggest? Maybe we

  could... Can I ask you for some advice? I suggest

  (that)... Can you help me decide...? Maybe it

  would be better to...

  That s a good idea.

  Well,but what about...?

  Have you considered doing?3.Vocabulary

  suggestion;musical;instrument;perform;performer;blues;characteristic;slave;jazz;contain;traditional;spread;variety;universal;folk;guitar;record;satisfy;inner;desire;emotion;

  process;musician;totally;express;intelligence;chant

  in common;turn...into 4.Grammar:复习各种时态的被动语态 www.snjdy.com

  1.一般现在时被动语态 2.现在进行时被动语态 3.现在完成时被动语态 4.一般过去时被动语态

  5.过去进行时被动语态 6.过去完成时被动语态 7.一般将来时被动语态

  II.Key points1.listening and speaking1>practising giving

  advice and making suggestions. practise [用法]vi/vt

  实践;练习 [注意]practise doing sth 练习做某事 [举例]Whenever

  possible,we should practise speaking English.

  After he practised hard for one month,he made great

  progress in oral English. [联想]practice n. 练习;实践

  eg. Practice makes perfect. practical a. 实际的;实用的

  eg. The ordinary school cannot give much

  practical training in living, because most of

  the students time is spent in classes,studying lessons.

  practised a. 熟练的;精通的 eg.It needs a lot of

  tie and diligence in order to have a practised skill.

  suggestion [搭配]make/give some suggestions [联想]suggest

  vt.建议(后接动名词短语或宾语从句);暗示

  [注意]建议的内容在以suggestion的同位语从句,表语从句等以及suggest的宾语从句形式出现时,从句用虚拟语气形式.

  其基本构成为should+动词原型,should可省略. [举例]My suggestion

  is that we should add some sand to the soil. We

  suggested the work be done at once. I suggest

  holding a meeting to discuss the problem.2>Can you help

  me decide what to buy what to buy

  [用法]wh-疑问词+to-动词不定式,做介词或动词宾语. [举例]I am not sure about

  what to do. Have you any idea how to open the

  packet?(本句介词省略了)3>What do you have in mind? have...in

  mind [用法]记得某事;想到某事 [举例]What do you have in mind for

  the job? 你考虑谁做这工作合适?4>You want to find a good

  song to dance to. dance to... [用法]伴着...跳舞 [联想]sing

  to...伴着...唱歌 [举例]dance to rock music 合着摇摆舞曲跳舞

  sing to the piano 钢琴伴唱5>Have you considered doing...?

  consider doing [用法]考虑做某事 [联想]consider的其他用法

  consider...(as/to be)... 认为...是...;把...看作...

  consider...to have done 认为...做过(了)...

  considering... 介词,考虑到2.reading1>Here is a brief look at

  some of the exciting musical styles from another world.

  exciting [用法]a. 令人兴奋的;激动人心的 [联想]excited a. 感到兴奋的;激动的

  excite vt. 使...兴奋;使...激动 excitement n. 兴奋;激动

  excitedly adv.兴奋地;激动地 [举例]The dance seemed to

  excite the surrounding bees. The excited girls

  were now opening their Christmas gifts. There was

  excitement everywhere when the news came that we had won

  the first prize. style [用法]n. 风格,作风;

  文体;文风;语调;(衣服等的)流行款式;(商品等的)种类,型,式样 [举例]The letter is

  written in a formal style. 这封信以正式文体写成。2>...,but

  music has kept many of its characteristics.

  characteristic [用法]a. 特有的,独特的;典型的;表示特性的[(+of)]

  n. 特性,特征,特色 [举例]Urban inhabitants have to live with the

  characteristic noises of cities.

  城市居民不得不忍受都市特有的喧嚣。 It is their distinguishing

  characteristic. 这是他们与众不同的特征。3>The blues comes

  from African songs that people used to sing when working

  or during festivals. Today American culture contains

  many different musical styles. used to

  [用法]后接动词原型,表示过去常做. [比较]be(become/get/seem...) used to

  (doing) sth 习惯(做)某事 be used to do 被用来做某事4>Today s

  American culture contains many different musical styles.

  contain [用法]vt. 包含;容纳 [举例]The jar contains ten

  glasses of water. 这只大口瓶能装十杯水。 The pill

  contains vitamins. 这药丸中含有多种维生素。5>Hip-hop and rap

  have much in common with blues and rock. have much in

  common [用法]有很多共同之处,意同have a lot in common [联想]have

  nothing in common 无共同之处 [举例]We are good friends because

  we have many things in common. It is strange that

  these two girls should having nothing in common.6>Latin

  music has spread all over the world. spread [用法]v.

  传播;散布;使伸展 [注意]过去式,过去分词和原形相同 [举例]If I tell you the

  secret,don t spread it aroung. The fire soon

  spread through the whole of the town I spread my

  arms as far apart as I could. 我尽可能地将双臂伸展开7>There

  is a wide variety of new music to be discovered in every

  corner of the world. variety [用法]n.多样化,变化; 种种;种类

  [举例]What other ways do you know to add variety?

  你知道其他增加变化的方法吗? People like to live a life full of

  variety. 人们喜欢过丰富多彩的生活。8>Is music a universal

  language? universal

  [用法]a.全体的;普遍的;;众所周知的;宇宙的;全世界的;万能的,通用的;多才多艺的;博闻广见的

  [举例]The government introduced universal secondary

  education years ago. 几年前,政府就倡导普及中等教育。

  Football is a universal game. 足球是一项全球性的运动。9>Ricky

  Martin performed the song of the 1988 World Cup.

  perform [用法]vt.1. 履行;执行;完成;做 2. 演出,表演,演奏 vi.1.

  演出,表演,演奏[(+on/at)] 2. (机器)运转;(人)行动,表现 [举例]The young

  doctor performed the heart operation.

  这位年轻医生为病人做了心脏手术。 Our team performed well in the

  match yesterday. 我队在昨天的比赛中表现得很出色10>The house

  where he once lived has been turned into a museum. www.snjdy.com

  turn...into... [用法]把...变成/翻译/改写成... [举例]Turn this

  sentence into English. 将这句话译成英文。 The

  barren land has been turned into fertile fields.

  贫瘠的土地已改成良田。 Water has turned into ice.

  水已经结成了冰。

  高一第十一单元The sounds of the world要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 126

  3.integrating skills1>Rock and pop music are becoming

  more and more similar. similar [用法]a.1.

  相像的,相仿的,类似的[(+to)] [举例]His problem is similar to yours.

  他的问题和你的相似。 My view is similar to yours.

  我的看法与你相似。 They had similar views.

  他们意见相似。2>Rock,on the other hand,make music their

  life.They play music to sastify their inner desire. on

  the other hand [用法]另一方面;从另一方面说 [联想]on (the) one hand

  一方面 [举例]On the one hand the price is cheap,but on the

  other hand the quality is poor.3>They play music to

  satisfy their inner desire. satisfy

  [用法]vt.使满意,使高兴;使满足(+with);满足(需要,欲望等);符合,达到(要求,标准等)

  [举例]That answer won t satisfy her. 那个回答不能令她满意。

  Our company will do everything to satisfy our

  customers. 我们公司将尽一切努力令顾客满意。 You can t

  apply for the job until you have satisfied certain

  conditions. 符合某些条件前,你不能申请这个工作 [联想]satisfactory

  a. 令人满意的;符合要求的;良好的 satisfaction n. 满意,满足;称心

  satisfied a. 感到满意的; 令人满意的; 满足的 satisfying a.

  满意的;充分的;确信的 desire [用法]vt. 渴望;要求[+to-v][+that]

  n. 欲望,渴望 [举例]He desired us to leave soon.

  他希望我们尽快离开。 She desired to marry a rich man.

  她很想嫁个富翁。4>They sing for their emotions and live for

  music. emotion [用法]n. 感情,情感[C] [举例]Love, hatred, and

  grief are emotions. 爱,恨和悲都是情感。5>The process of

  making rock music is totally different. process [用法]n.

  过程,进程;步骤;程序;工序;制作法 [举例]I will tell you, sooner or

  later, all the complicated process.

  我早晚要将整个复杂过程告诉你。 They are using a new process to

  make glass. 他们正在用一种新方法制造玻璃。6>Most pop songs tell

  stories about love and are written to entertain people.

  entertain [用法]vt.1. 使欢乐,使娱乐 2. 招待,款待(+with/at/to)

  vi. 款待,请客 [举例]We were all entertained by his humorous

  stories. 他的幽默故事使我们大家都很开心。 They often

  entertained their friends at weekends.

  他们常在周末招待朋友。7>Music intelligence is one of our eight

  human intelligences. intelligence [用法]n. 智能;智慧;理解力

  [举例]He s obviously a man of very high intelligence.

  显然他是个非常聪明的人。 intelligence test 智力测验,智能测验

  [联想]intelligent a.有才智的;聪明的;明智的;有理性的;智能的 [举例]The child

  made a very intelligent comment.

  那孩子作了很有见地的评论。8>Some people study better with music on.

  with music on [用法]此为with复合结构的一种.该知识点在本站论坛有详解.

  相关链接:bbs/dispbbs.asp?boardID=5&ID=217

  4>workbook1>The band has four hits in 1970. hit

  [用法]n.[C]打击;击中;成功而风行一时的事物 [联想]They got five hits and

  one miss. 他们五次击中,一次未中。 The new play is the

  hit of the season. 这出新戏是本季最叫座的。2>Michael s first

  record sold eight million copies in America. sell

  [用法]此处意为:达到...销售额 [举例]The novel has sold about two

  hundred thousand copies. 这部小说已销售约二十万册。 [联想]sell

  vt.卖,销售;【口】欺骗;背叛,出卖 vi.

  卖,出售;(商品)(以...价格)售出(+at/for);有销路 [举例]He sold his bike

  to me for $40. 他以四十美元的价钱把自行车卖给了我。 She was

  sold again. 她又上当了。3>Michae has had an easy life.

  easy [用法]此处意为: 安逸的,安乐的;宽裕的 [举例]The rich young woman

  has an easy life. 那位富有的年轻女人过着舒适的生活。4>Instead they

  are writing once more about things that are common for

  everyone. once more [用法]同once again,再一次 [举例]John s

  back home once more. 约翰又回家了。5>Money was also

  thought to be important. think...(to be)...

  [用法]认为,以为,后接宾语从句或宾语加宾语补语 [举例]We thought it our duty to

  take care of the orphans. 我们认为照顾这些孤儿是我们的职责。6>In

  the 1960s,song writers turned to other subjects. turn

  to [用法](注意力等)转移;(想法等)转变;翻转到;求教;求助 [举例]When I am in

  difficulty, I always turn to him for help.

  我有困难时总是找他帮忙。 Let s turn to page 8.

  让我们翻到第八页。 The conversation turned to fishing.

  话题转到了捕鱼上。7>Many young students were angry with

  society,so songs were full of anger. angry

  [用法]发怒的,生气的(+at/with/about) [举例]Don t be angry with me

  for not having written. 别因为我没有写信而生我的气。 full

  [用法]满的;充满的[(+of)] [举例]The room was full of people.

  室内挤满了人。 He looked at the large footprints in

  the snow,full of fear.

  他看着雪地里的大脚印,满心恐惧.8>Political leaders were not well

  thought of and those songs often make fun of them.

  think well of [用法]对什么评价很高 [联想]think highly of 高度赞扬

  think little of 不重视;认为...没价值 think nothing of

  把...视为平常

  高一第十二单元Art and literature要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 124

  Unit 12 Art And LiteratureI.Teaching aims and

  demands1.Topics 1>Talk about art and literature 2>Talk

  about artists,painters and writers 3>Tell stories

  4>Make decisions and give opinions2.Function:

  作出决定和提出看法(Making decisions and giving opinions) What

  shall we do? I d prefer to... Would you like

  to...? Which do you prefer,...or...? I d like

  to... Can t we...? Maybe we could...

  There are several things we could do.3.Vocabulary

  literature;comedy;local;exhibition;power;magic;trick;series;forehead;treat;unhappy;

  habit;villiger;shoulder;whisper;stupid;announcement;character

  a series of;in trouble;come across;believe in;turn

  around 4.Grammar: 复习限制性和非限制性定语从句

  II.Key points1.listening and speaking1>Can you match

  them with the correct painters? match [用法]vt.

  和...相配,和...相称 [举例]The color of the shirt does not match

  that of the tie. 衬衫的颜色与领带不相配。 [联想]n.1. 比赛,竞赛 2.

  对手;相配者 vt.1. 使较量,使比赛(+against/with);2.

  敌得过,比得上(+for/in); 3. 使比较;使成对,使相配(+with)

  vi. 相配,相适合(+up) [举例]Our side beat the other in the

  match. 我方在竞赛中击败了对方。 The blue shirt and

  gray tie are a good match. 蓝衬衫和灰领带很相配。

  Bill is no match for his brother on this.

  在这方面比尔不是他兄弟的对手。2>action film;romantic comedy [用法]action

  film 动作片;romantic comedy 浪漫的喜剧 [联想]悲剧 tragedy ;记录片

  documentary film 3>You work for the local park.The park

  is hosting an arts festival next weekend. local

  [用法]a.1.地方性的;当地的;2.(公共交通工具)每站停的 n.1. 当地居民,本地人 2.

  慢车(指沿途每站停的火车或公共汽车) [举例]He works at the local post

  office. 他在本地的邮局工作。 art [用法]n.1. 艺术;美术[U];2.

  艺术品;美术品[U];3. 文科[P];4. 艺术学科[P];5. 技艺;技巧[C][U] [举例]She

  teaches art history. 她教授艺术史。 There has

  never been an exhibition of African Art ever held in our

  small town. 在我们小镇上从没举办过非洲美术品展览。 She

  received a bachelor s degree in arts in 1974.

  她于一九七四年获文科学士学位。4>The hero has to save his girlfriend who

  has been taken away by a bad man. take away

  [用法]拿走;夺去;使离开 [举例]Who took away my pen? What

  takes you away so early?

  你为什么这么早就走啊?2.reading1>Having you ever tried doing a

  magic trick? try doing [用法]做什么试试看.(成败视结果而定) [比较]try

  to do 试图,设法.努力去做(未必做成) [举例]Scientists are trying to

  discover if this is possible. 科学家们现在正试图发现这是否可能.

  Very well,there is the ax.Go ahead and try cutting

  and see what you can do. 好,斧头就在那儿.去劈劈看,看看你干得怎么样?

  2>It is a world of magic and wonders. a world (of...)

  [用法] 一个...的世界;大量,无数(+of) [举例]The blind people live in a

  dark world. 盲人生活在黑暗的世界里。 The vacation did

  me a world of good. 假期对我大有好处。3>JK Rowling has

  written a series of books about Harry Potter. a series

  of [用法]一系列的;连续的 [举例]Then began a series of wet days

  that spoiled our vacation.

  之后就是一连串的下雨天,把我们的假期弄得一团糟。 This publishing firm is

  planning a new series of school textbooks.

  这家出版公司正打算出一套新的系列教材。4>He lives with a family that treats

  him badly. treat [用法]vt.

  对待;看待,把...看作(+as/like);医疗,治疗;款待 [举例]Do not treat this

  serious matter as a joke. 不要把这件严肃的事情当作笑料。

  She treated me all right. 她对我还不错。5>The magic,many

  strange creatures and the adventures Harry comes across

  help him understand the real world. comes across

  [用法]1. 走过来;2. 偶然碰到;3. 出现于 [举例]She came across to talk

  with me. 她走过来与我交谈。 We came across an old

  man lying in the road. 我们碰见一位老人躺在路上。 A

  very good idea came across his mind.

  他的脑海里出现一个好主意。6>Harry has to fight against bad wizard and

  do the right thing. fight against [用法]和...斗争;为反对...而斗争

  [联想]fight with 和...斗争;fight for 为争取...而斗争 [举例]We must

  fight against pollution. They have been fighting

  for human rights.7>You must believe in what you do and

  who you are if you want to succeed in the magical world

  and the real one. believe in [用法]1. 信仰 2. 信任 3.

  相信...的效用 [举例]Christians believe in Jesus.

  基督徒信仰耶稣。 We believe in him. 我们信任他。

  Jim believes in fresh air and morning exercises.

  吉姆坚信新鲜空气及早操有益处

  高一第十二单元Art and literature要点综述

  加入日期:2004-3-6 点击次数: 125

  3.integrating skills1> Did you hear that? he whispered.

  whisper [用法]vi.1. 低语;私语 vt. 低声说出;私下告诉 n. 耳语,私语 [举例]She

  is whispering to him. 她正对他窃窃私语。 "She is

  coming," he whispered. "她来了,"他低声地说。2>It sounded

  like a woman crying. sound [用法]连系动词,听起来,听上去 [举例]The

  music sounds very pleasing to the ear.

  这音乐听起来十分悦耳。 [联想]类似用法的词还有:taste

  吃起来..;smell闻起来...;look看上去...;feel摸上去...3>It was as if

  the creature was watching them. as if [用法]as if 同as

  though 犹如;好像 [举例]She treats him as if he were a

  stranger. 她待他如陌生人。(本句使用了虚拟语气) He behaved

  naturally as if nothing had happened to him.

  他表现得很自然,好像什么事也没发生一样.4>Not all of them were safe. not

  all [用法]not和all,both或every连用,为部分否定 [举例]Not all the

  answers are right. Both of the books are not

  useful. Every book is not worth reading.5>If only

  they could find a way to get to the room. if only...

  [用法]1.表示愿望,意为 要是...就好了 .句中常用虚拟语气形式.用一般过去时表示对现在的愿望;

  用过去完成时或could have done表示对过去的愿望;用过去将来时表示对将来的愿望.

  2.引导条件状语从句,意为 只要 [举例]If only you had worked with great

  care. If only it clears up,we ll go.6>He was just

  about to say sth when Peter turned around. be about to

  do...when... [用法]正要做..这时候(发生某事).when为并列连词,相当于and at

  that time [举例]I was about to go out when my cousin came

  to see me. 我正要出门,这时候我的堂弟来看我.

  [联想]when做此用法的句型还有:be doing...when... 正在做什么这时候...

  had done...when...刚做完..这时候...

  4>workbook1>Work together and see who can make up the

  best story from the pictures below. make up [用法]1. 补足

  2. 编造 3. 组成 [举例]We need $50 to make up the sum

  required. 我们需要五十元以补足所需要的数目。 The whole

  story is made up. 整个故事完全是虚构出来的。 The

  medical team was made up of twelve doctors.

  医疗队由十二名医生组成。2>I used to play badminton twice a week,but

  I have got out of the habit recently. get out of

  [用法]1.逃避 2. 放弃 [举例]I couldn t get out of going to that

  wedding. 我不能逃避出席婚礼。 [举例]He got out of the bad

  habit. 他改掉了这个坏习惯。3>The boy has a handsome face

  except for the scar on his forehead. except for

  [用法]除了...以外(整体肯定,局部修正) The composition is quite

  good except for the spelling. 这篇文章写的不错,除了拼写。

  [比较]except 除了(传统语法认为,前后有相称的同类语时用except,否则用except for.

  但置于句首时一般用except for [举例]We come to school every day

  except Sunday. I looked everywhere except in the

  bathroom. [说明]except的用法比较复杂,如有问题,欢迎到论坛提出.4>...;in other

  words,the story are about people just like us doing what

  we do. in other words [用法]换言之,换个说法是...5>It sounds

  strange but it works. work [用法]vi. 起作用;行得通 [举例]Your

  suggestion works well. 你的建议很有效。6>We help the

  writer by pretending that what we read is like real

  life. In a way,we are writing the book... pretend

  [用法]vt.1. 佯装;假装;[+to-v][+(that)] 2. (尤指孩子)(在游戏中)假扮;装作

  vi. 假装 [举例]He pretended that he was innocent.

  他假装无辜。 He pretended to be friendly with me.

  他假装对我友善。 In a way [用法]在某种程度上 [举例]The work is well

  done in a way. 从某种程度上说,这工作做得不错。 [比较]in the

  way;in one s way 妨碍;挡路 in this way 用这种方法

  on the way 在...途中 [举例]Her social life got in the way of

  her studies. 她的社交生活妨碍了学业。 That type of

  dress is on the way out. 那种式样的服装就要过时了。7>We pick

  up a book and lose ourselves in a good story,eager to

  find out what will happen next. lose ourselves in...

  [用法]使沉湎于 [举例]The boy soon lost himself in the book.

  这男孩不久便专心地看起书来 eager [用法]a.1. 热心的,热切的 2.

  渴望的,急切的(+for/to-v/that) [举例]He looked around the circle

  of eager faces. 他看了看四周热切的脸庞。 She is eager

  for success. 她渴望成功。


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